What Are Terpenes? The Science Behind Flavour

What are terpenes? When asked about cannabis compounds you might feel compelled to name cannabinoids as your first thought.

The reality is that cannabinoids are not alone, they are just one of the families of components in the cannabis plant, and along with them come many other components like terpenes – but what are they? 

For starters, we can begin by defining what a terpene actually is, and then we can take it from there.

Understanding Terpenes

what are terpenes cannabis

Terpenes are one of the main building blocks of cannabis. Even though they’re not considered the most important of its components, cannabis terpenes make way for 2 of the most attractive features in a strain; its scent and flavour profile

Terpenes are primarily responsible for the plant’s smell, but in nature, terpenes acquire additional responsibilities like acting as a beacon to attract pollinating animals and as a defensive mechanism that drives predators away. 

Precise combinations of terpenes in the cannabis plant are the reason for the plant’s overall final smell.

When used independently, terpenes can be recognized by their own characteristic smell; ranging in categories from sweet, to citrus, to herbal, and other more specific smells like black pepper or honey.

The fact that terpenes have additional functions in nature may also tell you that other living forms besides cannabis plants could have a use for them, and you wouldn’t be wrong.

Terpenes are found in many different plants and animals alike. In fact, terpenes are one of the most common compounds found in plants overall.

If you’ve ever used cologne/perfume, or have a favorite bath gel scent, guess what’s in them? Many terpenes found in nature are often used to fabricate industrial products like shampoos and essential oils, precisely because of the scents they carry.

Until now the aroma in cannabis was probably considered a positive bonus, but lately, research has found that cannabis terpenes may actually interact with the body in more ways than one.

How are Terpenes Different from Cannabinoids?

terpenes vs cannabinoids

Spoiler alert, raw cannabis doesn’t come ready to consume. Once plants are picked, they go through a series of drying and curing processes. 

Consumption in this case might mean being smoked, vaped, rubbed, or whatever it is you’ve found does it for you the best.

The key detail to take away from that information is that there are also other processes that cannabis has to go through called drying or curation, even before cannabinoids are squeezed out from the plant to make extracts.

You might already be familiar with a process called decarboxylation, but if you’re not, let’s give it a one-sentence recap as it becomes a good example to understand the need for curation. 

Decarboxylation is a process used to turn the naturally occurring compound THCA found in raw cannabis plants, into the cannabinoid that we all know and love; THC. Without decarboxylation, there is no THC.

Any type of decarboxylation process may destroy terpenes, whether you’re putting the plant in the oven or exposing it directly to the flame. Drying and curing a cannabis plant will not help decarboxylate cannabinoids, but it won’t destroy them like decarboxylation would terpenes.

Terpenes are organic compounds, and while they may be bioactive (which is just a fancy word to describe a compound found to alter the natural state of the body), they don’t interact with the body’s endocannabinoid receptors in the same fashion cannabinoids do. 

Although, they may affect the body in different ways depending on the concentration for each terpene found in the substance, resulting in feelings of relaxation, stress relief, and other good stuff.

On the other hand (and if you’re confused about what these so-called receptors are):

Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that provide the effects found in cannabis that most people, like you and me, are looking for. Regardless of whether those effects are also psychoactive or not. 

Once these compounds enter your body, they latch onto something called endocannabinoid receptors which are activated by the cannabinoids and consequently leverage the effects we’re looking for. 

How do Terpenes Affect the Body?

what are terpenes effects

When we say a terpene is bioactive, it means that they also interact and have a direct effect on the body. Independently to cannabinoids and their interaction with your body’s endocannabinoid system. However, few terpenes have been studied specifically for their independent effect on the human body.

Once a terpene becomes a terpenoid, it can also bind to cannabinoid receptors and actively modulate cannabinoid activity in the human body. 

For instance, terpenoids regulate THC effects by insulating THC molecules or altering the fluidity of neuronal membranes, ultimately altering the pharmacokinetics of THC itself. 

Terpenoids may also affect serotonin uptake, enhance norepinephrine activity, and increase dopamine activity, using a similar mechanism to the one they use when affecting the effects of cannabinoids like THC. This is often referred to as the entourage effect.

Terpene usage with similar effects to cannabis, that come independent of the entourage effect, can be found in other substances. 

Even though I’ve never thought of smoking black pepper, and I assume you haven’t either, it has been found in anecdotal evidence that common terpenes found in black pepper such as beta-caryophyllene can aid in combating nicotine withdrawal, which is itself a common benefit found in inhaled cannabis.

Coincidentally, or not, these essential oils have also been found to share many terpenes with the cannabis plant like; beta-caryophyllene, beta-humulene, beta-terpineol, and limonene.

Final Thoughts on What Are Terpenes

Cannabinoids and terpenes are among the primary components cannabis users have an eye out for when shopping for cannabis strains.

In fact, terpenes have become so important that along with cannabinoid composition callouts, cannabis brands also include a terpenes chart on their product packaging.

While cannabinoids are attributed to providing the main benefits people use cannabis for, terpenes have begun to become more and more important because they are responsible for the characteristic smells that come with strains.

The next time you buy weed online, be sure to pay attention to the terpene profile!

What is Cannabis Ruderalis? Your Quick & Easy Guide

Ever heard of ruderalis? Many cannabis users are familiar with the two dominant forms of the plant called sativa and indica. These are the two most common varieties of cannabis found in products on dispensary shelves around the country.

What many people don’t know is there is another, lesser-known type of cannabis called cannabis ruderalis. 

Although there is some disagreement about whether or not cannabis ruderalis is an entirely different variety of cannabis, there are a few things you should know about this plant that’s present in almost all cannabis strains that are available today

What is cannabis ruderalis and why are people choosing it over sativa and indica products? Let’s find out.

What is Cannabis Ruderalis?

cannabis ruderalis definition

The name ruderalis comes from a term in the world of botanists — ruderal. A ruderal plant is one that grows despite the presence of disruptive factors in its environment such as wildfires, avalanches, poor soil quality, agriculture, or construction. In many cases, these plants outcompete local species by thriving in an otherwise hostile environment.

You’ll often find cannabis ruderalis growing on the side of roads, farmlands, or other places with high volumes of human activity. You might even find a few plants growing in your neighbourhood! 

Ruderalis is a persistent and hardy variety of cannabis that grows in the wild throughout parts of Russia and Central Asia. Some call it the “feral” species of cannabis — despite the short growing seasons and harsh climates of these regions, cannabis ruderalis continues to flourish.

Sativa, Indica, & Ruderalis — What are the Differences?

While sativa and indica plants can get as tall as 20 feet when grown in controlled conditions, cannabis ruderalis tends to be significantly shorter at just 1 to 2.5 feet. It’s stockier than cannabis sativa or indica, with a thick stem and wide light green, 3 fingered leaves.

Sativa and indica strains tend to have higher concentrations of THC, which is the compound in cannabis famous for causing the euphoric highs. Ruderlais, on the other hand, contains very little THC when compared to the other two cannabis varieties.

Instead, you’ll find high levels of other cannabinoids like CBD — which more people are turning to as a way to relax, manage pain, or get to sleep at night.

Autoflowering – Ideal Cannabis Genetics? 


One of the more unique aspects of cannabis ruderalis is its ability to flower due to maturity, rather than stimulus from light.

Sativa and indica strains must be exposed to approximately 12 hours of darkness per day in order to flower — which can make them difficult to grow outdoors. Many people have sophisticated indoor grow operations where the light can be precisely controlled.

On the other hand, cannabis ruderalis generally flowers between 21 and 30 days from planting the seeds — regardless of how much light it receives.

This ability means cannabis ruderalis can produce usable flower year-round. The phenomenon is known as autoflowering. Ruderalis is an excellent choice for people wanting to grow cannabis at home as it requires less maintenance, equipment, and attention than sativa or indica strains.

The plant’s autoflowering ability also makes it an attractive option for people looking to crossbreed strains. When bred with high-quality sativa or indica strains, this autoflowering ability can be passed onto the new plant – significantly reducing the stress and workload of the grower.

The Birthplace of  Cannabis Ruderalis

Although the precise origin of cannabis ruderalis is unknown, it was first identified in southern Siberia by the botanist D. E. Janischewsky in 1924. It’s believed it has inhabited central Asia and eastern Europe for thousands of years — in many regions, you’ll still find cannabis ruderalis growing abundantly in the wild.

Some believe cannabis ruderalis developed its autoflowering ability due to originating far north of the equator. In these regions, light cycles can vary significantly depending on the season.

What Are the Effects of Cannabis Ruderalis?

As we mentioned above, these strains have lower concentrations of THC when compared to sativa or indica. So if you’re looking for high THC content, ruderalis may not be the best option.

With that being said, it contains high levels of other cannabinoids, like CBD — which offers relaxing effects without the psychoactive high associated with THC. Many medical marijuana users choose cannabis ruderalis for its potential health benefits, rather than simply to get high.

Another reason some growers crossbreed cannabis ruderalis with other strains is to increase the CBD content of the new plant while maintaining high levels of THC. Others may crossbreed sativa strains to control or reduce the height of their plants, especially with indoor growing facilities.

If you’re looking to use cannabis recreationally, it may be better to choose a strain that has been crossbred with either sativa or indica so you can get the best of both worlds.

Who Should Buy Cannabis Ruderalis?

white widow strain

Ruderalis on its own may be a good choice for people looking to avoid THC, while still getting the benefits of other cannabinoids like CBD.

For people who are new to growing cannabis, ruderalis is a great place to start. With its autoflowering trait, these plants are low maintenance and easy to grow — you’ll also see results within two months!

It may be difficult to find cannabis ruderalis strains in local dispensaries, as many customers are more interested in the psychoactive effects of THC. However, some dispensaries may carry autoflowering seeds if you’re interested in growing cannabis at home.

A Grower’s Best Friend

It’s no surprise more growers are choosing to breed their plants with cannabis ruderalis — its auto-flowering ability significantly reduces the workload and stress on the grower. Rather than meticulously planning and monitoring light levels, ruderalis can be simply left to grow.

By combining ruderalis with sativa or indica strain, the grower can maintain high levels of THC and potentially boost the plant’s CBD content. These hybrids also tend to be shorter than their cousins, making it easier to keep them contained indoors.

Ruderalis had humble beginnings in harsh environments but has since won the hearts of growers around the world.

Have you tried to grow cannabis at home? Give ruderalis a shot and see first hand how easy it is to get these plants to flower.

Cannabis Topicals – Weed For Your Skin

In this ever-expansive world of cannabis products, cannabis topicals are a new player on the scene. 

You’ve probably heard that topicals are a fast-acting ointment for localized relief and that they may also be good for your skin, or great for relieving tension. While a lot of these claims praise the efficacy of cannabis topicals, being a new product on the market, the research on the subject is still in its infancy.

Depending on what you desire from cannabis, topicals may or may not be what you need to strengthen your arsenal.

What Exactly are Cannabis Topicals?

Unlike many other pharmaceuticals, Medical cannabis comes in a vast array of unique consumable products. Cannabis topicals may encompass THC or CBD infused skin creams, body oils, or even lubricants. 

Topicals are meant to be applied directly on the skin for a fast-acting treatment that can target specific areas of interest. Along with the regular attributes of cannabis-infused products, topicals can assist in treating localized pain, inflammation, and various skin-related conditions. 

Common infused compounds among topicals include THC and CBD. Although less popular, cannabis topicals are also gaining traction with other lesser-known cannabinoids such as Cannabinol (CBN) and Cannabigerol (CBG).

The Benefits of Using Cannabis Topicals

1) Allows for Targeted/Spot Treatment

If you’re looking to deal with isolated spots causing discomfort, topicals provide the solution to exactly that. Whether it’s acute back pain, sore joints, or even areas of inflammation, cannabis topicals can be used on specific areas to treat each location as needed without the effects of intoxication.

2) Great for Healing Burns Quicker

Burns can be an incredibly painful experience, worse yet, the idle inflammation left after the initial burn can cause extreme discomfort as well. Coupled with a slow rate of recovery, burns can be quite a nuisance to deal with. Luckily, cannabis topicals are known to ease the pain of inflammation while simultaneously providing relief to the burn.

Limited evidence suggests that a high-quality topical with the right ingredients will not only be able to help alleviate much of the pain but also expedite the healing process.

3) Keeps the Skin Glowing

cannabis topicals buy

When it comes to looking our best, we all want to maximize our potential. That said, smooth and wrinkle-free skin is an important indicator of youth and beauty. Cannabis topicals are loaded with antioxidants that interact safely with free radicals and terminate them before any molecular damage occurs. In fact, one study suggests that CBD may be a more potent antioxidant to Vitamins C and E.

In Layman’s terms, it means that cannabis topicals can reduce your skin from aging and prevent tissue damage, keeping your skin plump and healthy.

4) An Amazing Companion for Massages


A nice massage is already quite relaxing but combined with the therapeutic effects of cannabis, and you’ve got yourself a superior experience. Current research has demonstrated that the skin is home to an abundance of several CB2 receptors and a small reserve of CB1 receptors. These receptors are what cannabinoids bind to in order for us to feel marijuana’s therapeutic effects.

That said, the combination of the two can be an excellent remedy for chronic pain, arthritis, injury, and much more.

5) Keeps Inflammation and Arthritis at Bay

Arthritis is known to produce swelling and pain at the joints. As mentioned before, cannabis is an effective fighter of inflammation and can help with pain relief at the joints for those who suffer from arthritis or similar issues.

6) Anti-Bacterial

Cannabis naturally contains anti-bacterial properties, providing relief to a range of bacterial skin infections such as acne, folliculitis, and several others.

7) Enhanced Sexual Pleasure

When it comes to the bedroom, men and women alike can harness the power of this ancient aphrodisiac. 

In fact, cannabis use as an arouser dates back centuries in areas of central Asia where the plant was integrated into various ancient tantric sex practices.

Lucky for you, several companies have developed cannabinoid-infused oils and lubricants with the specific aim to elevate your private experiences.

The Disadvantages of Using Cannabis Topicals

1) Topicals are Usually Inefficient in Getting You High

While not entirely impossible to achieve a state of high through topicals, it is definitely trickier than traditionally smoking or eating your cannabis. Luckily, transdermal patches are one of the best topical options for this.

2) There is limited research on the subject

As with any new emerging product, there is limited research. While in theory topicals are supposed to provide the effects they claim, there is limited anecdotal evidence supporting this.

Who Should Use Topicals?

For those who are interested in the non intoxicating side of cannabis, topicals may fill a niche while killing two birds with one stone. 

Those who are looking to treat pain and inflammation or skin conditions such as Edema or Psoriasis may find utility in topicals as well. It should be noted that exposure to broken skin allows cannabinoids to enter the bloodstream, which can potentially cause psychoactive effects.

Getting High Using Topicals

As mentioned before, getting high using topicals can be tricky. However, the advent of transdermal patches has made it easier than ever to allow its users to experience a steady release of cannabinoids in complete discretion. 

This form of consumption works by allowing cannabinoids to enter the bloodstream via the venous regions of the body, where the cannabinoids traverse to the brain and then the rest of the body. 

Like most other cannabis products, transdermal patches come in a variety of cannabinoid profiles with split ratio profiles being an option as well.

How Do Cannabis Topicals Work?

Cannabis produces its effects by interacting with our endocannabinoid system. The system is comprised of two different types of receptors, the CB1 and CB2 receptors. These receptors are what cannabinoids bind to when consumed and absorbed by our bodies. 

That said, our skin is home to several CB2 receptors and a smaller portion of CB1 receptors. When topicals have been applied, the cannabinoids are absorbed by these receptors and quickly absorbed by our bodies, providing fast-acting effects.

Final Thoughts

Different topicals offer various attributes with different benefits. With an already vast array of skincare products on the market, the difference one ingredient can make is immense.

Thai Stick – A Blunt From The Past

Thai stick – known as the Cuban cigar of the marijuana world, the Thai Stick was an ancient practice strictly kept in the confines of Southeast Asia until recently.

They’re are an old fashioned way of rolling joints making full use of several parts of the marijuana plant to produce a buttery smooth drag and an unbelievably potent high. Thai Sticks have been around for generations, as marijuana naturally first spawned in Central Asia. 

Unfortunately, due to strict regulations, Thai Stick trade lines had dried up just as it began to take off in North America.

Fortunately for us, the advent of the cannabis industry has catalyzed Thai Sticks to experience a resurgence in the North American market, giving long-time cannabis veterans and newcomers a sweet taste of nostalgia.

Want to find out the secrets behind making the perfect Thai Stick? Come along and we’ll show you how.

The History of the Thai Stick

thai stick guide

During and after the era of the Vietnam war, Southeast Asia had experienced a large influx of American presence. Whether it be casual backpackers or troops on deployment, these young men were dropped into the area and left to their own devices.

Naturally, the heat of war caused tension and stress among those immersed in it, and as alcohol was a great way to find solace in those trying times, so was marijuana.

After all, variety is the spice of life.

At the time, the marijuana grown in Thailand had blown any other competition out of the water, including the marijuana grown in surrounding areas like Vietnam and Cambodia. 

The Thai people had seemed to possess the gift of effortlessly producing the best cannabis at the time. It was like comparing a backwater DIY moonshine to single-malt whiskey.

The 1960s was where it first started to really boom. Being highly undervalued at the time, American troops and tourists were able to trade liquor for exorbitant amounts of Thai Sticks. 

Naturally, foreign demand surged as Thai cannabis proved to be an insurmountable product in the North American markets. What would sell for about $3 per kilo in Thailand would effortlessly raise a profit of thousands of dollars per kilo in the United States.

It was no joke – people loved Thai Sticks, and they wanted more. Unfortunately, the passage of the 1970 Controlled Substances Act (CSA) put everything to a halt, and since then, Thai Sticks kind of fell off and disappeared from the American market altogether.

With America’s love for cannabis still at its high, this meant that people who still wanted to smoke would have to find another way to do so. Eventually, the Thai Sticks were replaced by your standard joint.

How to Make a Thai Stick

When it comes to making the best Thai Sticks, it’s all about the flavor. You’ll want to reach for some of the best-tasting strains. 

Not only will Thai Sticks get you unbelievably high, but the curing process will help bring out the depth of flavor that would otherwise be nonexistent.

Try mixing and matching your favorite strains, but if you want something fruity, you can try making your Thai Sticks with strains such as Pineapple Kush, Tangerine Dream, or similar strains.

What’s Needed

  • Some fresh marijuana
  • A bamboo stick or a chopstick (used as the Thai Stick mold)
  • Some hemp string
  • A hash oil of your choice
  • Some fan leaves from a cannabis plant
  • Parchment paper

Step 1

Go to your weed stache and grab some of your best buds (the fluffier the better). The fluffier your bud, the better it will age during the curing process. Using bud that’s too dense will often lead to an extremely condensed Thai Stick that may have trouble burning smoothly.

Step 2

Take your bamboo stick or chopstick and apply a coating of hash oil, just enough to keep your bud sticking to your mold. After applying the coating, press your bud around your stick so they cover the whole circumference of the stick evenly.

Step 3

With your stick fully loaded, begin wrapping it all hemp string and then securely tying both ends to fasten the bud.

Like the bud you’ve got surrounding your stick, you’ll want to make sure the hemp string is fully covering all the bud and has uniform coverage all throughout. We recommend wrapping the string around the stick.

Step 4

Wrap the tied up sticking some parchment paper and leave it in the fridge for a few days. This curing process and will remove the moisture from the bud and enhance the overall flavor.

Step 5

After a few days, gently remove the hemp string without removing any bud from the stick.

Once the bud is fully revealed, apply a coating of hash oil and then wrap it fan leaves. Apply the coating as necessary in order to get everything to properly stick together.

Repeat this process until you have 3 leaves wrapped around your Thai Stick. You can also add some kief to each layer of the hash oil.

Step 6

Wrap up your Thai Stick in parchment paper and heat it on low heat for a few seconds on a hotplate or the stove.

Make sure the heat is evenly dispersed as it will help the hash oil penetrate the leaves, creating a strong bind.

Step 7

Remove the parchment paper used during the heating process and then wrap the Thai Stick in hemp string once again.

Once wrapped in hemp string, grab a new piece of parchment to wrap it in again and let it cure in the fridge for a few more days.

Step 8

This step is optional. Traditional methods of curing involved burying the Thai Sticks in the ground for around a month. Luckily, there are a few easier ways to go about this.

You can either vacuum seal your Thai Sticks and let it sit in the fridge for another week, or seal them in plastic bags and bury them in your back yard if available.

Step 9

Remove the hemp string and stick from the middle and enjoy!

Final Thoughts

Why rob yourself of missing out on experiencing some of the greatest cannabis inventions in history? Get a taste of pure cannabis bliss and put your craftsmanship to the test with the Thai Stick. Enjoy!

How To Use Cannabis Oil – 5 Easy Ways

Cannabis oil is available in both THC and CBD forms, but knowing how to use cannabis oil can be difficult when you don’t know where to begin.

As a cannabis concentrate, cannabis oil is great for medicating discreetly without attracting too much attention. 

After all, we’re all familiar with just how pungent cannabis smoke can – especially if you’re out in the open. 

With cannabis oil, those concerns are completely alleviated. All you need to do is take the included dropper and simply drop a few drops onto your tongue. 

But what if you want to take it one step further? 

What about infusing some THC and CBD into some pasta or cookies? How about some portable capsules that you can pop into your mouth at your convenience without carrying around the tincture? Ever think about cannabis oil topicals that you can apply directly onto your body’s pain points?

The potential for cannabis oil is limitless, but only if you know how to use cannabis oil properly. We’ll give you a hand understanding the fundamentals so you can take your cannabis oil game to the next level! 

What’s So Special About It?

how to use cannabis oil guide

With so many products and technologies available to the everyday consumer, there are more ways and techniques to consume cannabis than ever before. Originally, cannabis oil was created to administer medical marijuana to patients who were averse or simply could not smoke. 

Today, it’s become widely available to patients and regular consumers alike. 

To answer the question of what it is, cannabis oil is exactly what it sounds like. It’s a marijuana concentrate that’s made by extracting and isolating the key cannabinoids and compounds within the cannabis plant. Some of these compounds primarily include THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol). Newer, full-spectrum varieties have even included cannabinol (CBN) and other less known cannabinoids 

During the extraction process, the plant’s terpenes, flavonoids and fats are typically removed. Solvents such as high-proof alcohol, butane and hexane may be used to isolate the desirable compounds before they’re expunged. 

Cannabis oil is a broad term, and can be used to refer to any manner of cannabis concentrate that has been extracted from the marijuana plants. 

The Secret Behind Cannabis Oil

When ingested, cannabis oil is designed to be absorbed directly into the bloodstream. Typically, cannabis oils are administered under the tongue. Mucous membranes located in our mouths allows the cannabis oil to bypass the digestive system and enter directly into effect. 

They don’t activate as fast as smoking cannabis, but they do kick in faster than edibles do. Depending on the amount and potency of the ingested cannabis oil, their effects can last anywhere from 4 to 6 hours. If administered sublingually (under the tongue), you can expect these effects to kick in from as little as 15 to 30 minutes. 

Similarly to edibles, cannabis oil can be eaten as is or infused with any manner of preferred food or drink. If you’re looking for potency any increased effect, then your best course of action would be to ingest it sublingually with the included dropper. 

When ingested through the stomach, the cannabis oil will make its way through the digestive system and enter the liver and undergo first-pass metabolism.This process breaks down and changes the cannabinoids. This can affect how they’re absorbed by the body and also explains why sometimes, edibles can take a long time to activate. 

To experience the full effects of your cannabis oil without any loss in potency or activation speed, you’re best off simply administering it beneath your tongue. 

Types of Weed Oil 

cbd cannabis oil

When it comes to cannabis oil, there are really only a few types that are prevalent within the community. They are: 


Tetrahydrocannabinol is arguably the most sought after cannabinoid within marijunana plants. Responsible for cannabis’ psychoactive effect, this form of cannabis oil is great for ingesting as is or infusing into foods, drinks or even topicals. It’s fantastic for patients or recreation users looking to medicate inconspicuously. 


CBD, the main cannabinoid behind medical marijuana’s medicinal effects, is highly soft after for its non-psychoactive effects and its abilities to alleviate a variety of pains and illnesses. The literature supporting the benefits of CBD number in the hundreds and more and more clinicals trials are being conducted every day to unlock the full potential of this cannabinoid. 

CBD has been found to be effective in:

  • Treating Acne
  • Alleviating chronic pain
  • Alleviating symptoms of anxiety and depression
  • Arthritis 

5 Easy Ways to Use Weed Oil


People have been cooking with weed oil for hundreds of years. As long as you know how much you’re using, it’s an easy, safe, and tasty way to medicate your food without drawing attention to yourself. 

Depending on the kind of oil that you have, you could substitute cooking oil with weed oil or simply drizzle some on a salad or as a finish to a pasta dish before eating.

A popular cannabis oil variatn is cannabis-infused coconut oil. It’s vegan, paleo-friendly and has a number of beneficial fats and compounds within that’ll help you feel your best! 

If you want to make your own cannabis oil edibles, try incorporating a few drops into some jello or gelatin molds! You’re in for a tasty treat! 

Pain Salves

Cannabis topicals are abundant and can be purchased with relative ease as cannabis regulations continue to relax. Weed oil salves can be applied directly to your body’s pain points and spot-treat sore muscles, chronic pain and inflammation along a host of other issues. 

If you’re feeling innovative, you could use your weed oil to infuse some of the salves have at home to make your own line of cannabis topicals. 


Want to start your day off right? The next time you brew a cuppa’ joe or a mug of your favorite tea, try adding a few drops of weed oil. Whether it’s THC or CBD, a little bit of either could be just what you need to put a little pep in your step. 


Cannabis oil, specifically the CBD variety, carries an abundance of antioxidants and other beneficial compounds. When combined with vitamin E, aloe vera or any other kind of cannabis topical, they could be a great option for alleviating skin concerns and giving your skin a good, healthy glow. 


Some consumers are particularly averse to the bitter taste of cannabis oil. If that description fits you, try sourcing some gelatin capsules and filling them with cannabis oil yourself. You’ll avoid the bitter taste of the oil with the added convenience of being able to carry these capsules with you wherever you go. 

Final Thoughts

Cannabis oil, like the plant that it was derived from, is versatile and can be used in a variety of ways.

We’ve listed 5, but the sky’s the limit when it comes to answering the question of how to use cannabis oil. 

The next time you find yourself with an abundance, try infusing a bit into your cooking or drizzling some on top of your dishes as a garnish. You’ll be sure to impress your (toker) friends and elevate yourself at the same time! 

Twax Joint – How To Smoke Shatter In A Joint

The twax joint —  more fun than twerking, less painful than waxing, and considerably more uplifting than filing taxes — twaxing is the new way to enjoy cannabis concentrates with a bowl, blunt, or joint.

The term twaxing involves the use of bud and wax, hash oil, kief, or any other type of marijuana concentrate that is added inside, outside, or across the tip of joint or blunt.

Not only is your high boosted, but a twaxed joint or blunt burns slower and more evenly than your standard joints thanks to the thicker consistency of concentrates; which is ideal for social and outdoor smoking sessions. T

That said, be warned. These are twice if not three times as strong as a normal joint, so if you’re new to smoking— you may want to come back after you’ve built up your tolerance.

What Is A Twax Joint?

twax joints

Great question! Twax Joints are similar to regular joints — except they have some type of cannabis concentrate added to the tip, inside, or outside of the joint. Considering Twax Joints utilize the strength of potent cannabis concentrates, it’s plain to see how and why they’re not recommended for new or low-tolerance users

That said, Twax Joints are great for users that have a high tolerance to getting high. In a way, smoking a Twax Joint is a great alternative to dabbing, but without the use of a torch and an expensive dab rig. Not everyone can or wants to deal with finding and buying a torch and a dab rig, especially for those on a budget. 

Currently, there are several ways you can twax, but depending on what you’re looking to get from your Twax Joint, and the type of concentrate you’re working with will determine how hard or easy crafting a Twax Joint will be. 

Some “cannaseurs” even take it to the next level, and make intricate looking pieces of art using the different components that go into making a top-notch Twax Joint — it almost makes you not want to smoke it because they’re so pretty.

Looks aside, you’re here to learn about what a Twax Bowl is, and how to make one; so let’s keep this train moving forward.

How Do You Twax A Bowl?

Similar to twaxing a joint on the inside, twaxing a bowl requires you to add wax, kief, shatter, distillate, or any other form of cannabis concentrate on top of a loaded bowl. However, we recommend using wax for bowls because it’s the easiest to break apart into small pieces, and it can be more evenly distributed than other concentrates. You can also drizzle, or wrap your bud with concentrate before loading it into a bowl and smoking it. Given the intricacy and precision needed to wrap a marijuana concentrate around buds — this is regarded as the “expert mode” for twaxing cannabis — and requires a bit of skill and practice to pull off successfully. 

Serious “twaxers” have various methods and techniques that are used, including “shatter webs”, which is adding heated shatter to the end of a joint in a string method to create a web of shatter. Some use the snake method, which consists of using heated concentrate, and winding it down the length of the joint to resemble a snake.

These are some more complex examples, but if you’re new to twaxing, you’ll want to start with a little wax or hash oil over a bowl or inside the joint as this requires much less skill to pull off. Once you get accustomed to the consistency and potency of combining weed and concentrate together, you’re good to start getting creative with twaxing your joints on the outside.

Just like anything in this life worth having, it takes time, practice, and a little patience to pull off successfully.

How Do You Get Kief On The Outside Of A Joint?

twax joint kief

Upon first glance, Twax Joints can look very intimidating for not only their beauty, but their complexity. We encourage you to not let this discourage you from smoking or crafting your own. The most essential tool needed for successfully applying a concentrate outside of your joint is a steady hand. There are a few methods you can use to successfully apply it, including honey, hash oil, a sugar water paste, or shatter. 

Of course, using a concentrate as the binding agent will render a more potent product than honey would, however, using honey is a great alternative for those with a low tolerance or low budget. 

The main idea is using something sticky to adhere to the kief to the outside of the joint, but please don’t use just anything sticky. Using any type of glue or chemical agent would be extremely dangerous to your health — and it would ruin the flavor and be extremely harsh to smoke.  

No matter how you decide to twax your joints, there is no denying that adding concentrate to your joints, blunts, and bowls make for a freakishly potent high that can also be a work of art. Seriously, Google Twax Joint and see how gorgeous and creative you can get with them! 

Concluding Thoughts on Twax Joints

There you have it! You are now a knowledgeable member of the Twax Joint community! In addition to knowing how to make your own at home, we want to advise that you be familiar with the rolling process before applying what you learned here concerning twaxing a joint. Before you run you need to learn how to walk, so to speak. 

For our novice smokers, please note that we’re not kidding when we say these are strong. They’re incredibly potent, so if you’re not accustomed to large doses of THC — start with a few drags on the joint, and work your way up. You could always opt for a regular joint or bowl first, then add in the concentrates and kief once you build up a tolerance.  

Decarboxylation – The Secret Behind Getting High

Decarboxylation – ever wondered why we had to vaporize and combust cannabis in order to get feel the effects instead of just eating it raw? The secret lies in a process known as “decarboxylation.” 

Decarboxylation is a process that activates several compounds in cannabis such as THC and CBD. It occurs naturally while cannabis undergoes the curing process and is the main reason why you experience the psychoactive effects of cannabis.

It is also considered an essential step to making effective cannabis-infused products such as Sugar Jacks’ edibles.

If you’ve ever tried to eat a raw bag of weed only to realize it did little to nothing for you, you might want to stick around because we’re here to teach you the science behind “activating” cannabis and why we need it to get high!

How Cannabis Works

decarboxylation definition

It might come at a surprise to you, but the average marijuana plant only carries trace amounts of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Even after going through the proper curing and drying procedures, the amount of THC found in the end product isn’t substantial. The reason for this is that raw cannabis is naturally filled with the inactive variant of THC known as Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA). That said, decarboxylation is the conversion of THCA to THC through exposure to heat.

In technical terms, exposure to heat is used to remove the carboxyl group (the acid part) from THCA in order for it to be successfully converted to THC. Removing this carboxyl group is what activates the cannabinoids in the plant to become functional at our cannabinoid receptors. Hence decarboxylation increases the bioavailability of THCA.

While THCA is only mildly psychoactive, many still seek its medical application due to its anti-inflammatory effects. The lack of THC allows patients to take much larger doses without much impairment. Notably, those with neurodegenerative diseases such as Huntington’s Disease may benefit from THCA’s neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory properties.

What causes Decarboxylation?

decarboxylation tips

As mentioned before, in order to decarboxylate cannabis it must either be cured or exposed to heat. That said, proper storage conditions of cannabis are paramount to avoid premature decarboxylation. Exposure to light, heat, and oxygen will expedite the aging process, resulting in stale weed. 

The exposure to these elements speeds up the degradation of THCA to Cannabinol (CBN). As THC is oxidized it converts to CBN over time. However, the issue is not that CBN is necessarily bad, but rather it trades the psychoactive potential of THCA for its own sedative qualities. This could be beneficial for those who suffer from insomnia, but counterproductive for those who were originally looking to get high.

Why is Cannabis Decarboxylation so Important?

decarboxylation why do we neeed it

Decarboxylation is an essential process in order to experience cannabis’ psychoactive effects. Since raw cannabis has an abundance of THCA, it will not possess any psychoactive properties prior to decarboxylation. 

While there are a number of well-established benefits related to THCA, it should be noted that the compound is largely non-intoxicating. The decarboxylation process is what gives life to cannabis. It is the reason why we get to experience the euphoria-inducing high from marijuana.

At Sugar Jacks’, every nug of cannabis that we get is decarboxylated at low temperatures over a long period of time to ensure maximum potency and effect. Without decarboxylation, the edibles that we all enjoy so much wouldn’t have a hint of potency!

What Temperature Does Weed Decarboxylate At?

For THCA to carboxylate, exposure to a temperature of around 105 degrees celsius for roughly 30-45 minutes is required. Keep in mind, it may take a little while longer to fully decarboxylate your weed. Much like smoking cannabis, choosing to decarboxylate cannabis at high temperatures may damage existing terpenes within the plant, losing the potency in its flavor profile. In fact, a large amount of mono and sesquiterpenes are unstable, and will evaporate if exposed to high temperatures that exceed 148 degrees celsius. 

That said, properly decarboxylating cannabis takes time, as it requires exposure to a lower heat through an extended period of time. Although time-consuming, the end product will keep its full profile of terpenes and cannabinoids, preserving the fullness of the bud.

While it’s common knowledge that heat triggers evaporation, many opt to decarb their cannabis in a water bath using a mason jar. This method preserves the terpenes and cannabinoids in your bud by preventing them from being evaporated into the air. It also eliminates the strong smell that marijuana can leave behind, especially important if stealth is a requirement. 

Rather than decarbing your cannabis on a baking sheet, heating your cannabis in water using a mason jar will prevent any evaporated cannabinoids and terpenes from escaping.

Decarboxylation can also be done in a variety of ways. If you vaporize your weed, there is a chance that the decarbed cannabis may be used a second time. This occurs if the bud was vaporized at a lower temperature at around 157-227 degrees Celsius.

In the same way that decarboxylation may preserve terpenes when done at low temperatures, already vaped bud (AVB) vaporized at low temperatures may have leftover cannabinoids that can be easily incorporated into edible recipes or tinctures as they have already been decarboxylated.

Final Thoughts

With a solid understanding of the science behind decarboxylation, you’ll be able to navigate your way through the world of cannabis.

Cooking weed actually has a science behind it. Whether you’re looking to make your own cannabis-infused coconut oil or some fresh brownies (or even some Sugar Jacks edibles!), you’ll have the knowledge to use your weed effectively and efficiently. Enjoy!

AVB – How to Use Already Vaped Bud

If you’re an avid cannabis smoker and aren’t aware of what AVB is, you may want to give vaporizing your bud a run for its money. Smoking your bud converts it into a charred, ashy residue but vaporizing your weed preserves it as ‘already vaped bud’ (AVB), which can actually be used a second time. 

Besides being easier on your lungs, vaporizing your weed opens up secondary avenues of ingestion if the right techniques are employed.  To find out if you’re vaporizing your weed correctly, keep on reading.

What is AVB (Already Vaped Bud)?

what is avb

If you’ve ever vaped cannabis flower before, you may be familiar with AVB, the end product of a successfully vaped nug. Unlike the ashy remains of a joint, AVB takes the form of a maple-tinted cannabis nug that is slightly brittle to the touch. Though most of its THC content will have already been depleted, there are still several valuable cannabinoids that can be salvaged from the bud. With the proper techniques and information, you’ll be saving yourself a lot of time and money, milking your bud until it can’t go any further.

Unfortunately, there is no precise way to detect the exact cannabinoid content still available for use in your AVB, but there are some countermeasures you could take to ensure that you get your full money’s worth of cannabinoids. Much like smoking a joint, vaporizing your flower at extremely high temperatures will render it nearly useless after your session. The trick is the vaporize your flower using a lower temperature in the range of 157-227°C to avoid combustion. Operating within this sweet spot will still extract the right amount of THC from the bud in order to get you feeling euphoric, but it will also save some of the cannabinoids in reserve for a second use.

Technicalities set aside, the variance in cannabinoids will depend on a variety of factors. The potency and cannabinoid profile of the strain itself as well as the method of procurement will play a large factor in the strength of your second batch. As mentioned before, there is no exact way to measure the cannabinoid content of already vaped bud. It is important for those who find themselves sensitive to the effects of cannabis to exercise due diligence in the consumption of any AVB products. As the saying goes, it’s always better to be safe than sorry.

Different Ways to Use Already Vaped Bud

Here is a list of ways to procure the cannabinoids in your AVB. We’ve provided a wide range that should flow well with a variety of lifestyles. Pick the one that suits you the best:


avb edibles

The easy answer to many leftover cannabis products, edibles seem like a no brainer if you don’t know what to do with your weed. Although already vaped bud may not carry the same rich flavor profile of fresh bud, their use in edibles is still viable as they may be more catered to those who are intolerant of the cannabis after-taste.

Reap the rewards of the remaining cannabinoids in your already vaped bud by incorporating them in your cannabis cookbook in the same way you would as ground, decarboxylated bud.

While operating very similar to fresh ground weed, the already vaped bud has the distinction of being prematurely decarboxylated. What that means is the bud is good to go from the start, no heat is required to activate the remaining cannabinoids, so you can hit the ground running. All you need to do is toss them in your mixture and enjoy!


avb use

For the minimalists, if cooking isn’t quite your strong suit, the fact that AVB is already decarboxylated lends itself to be used without much fuss. Not only are the use of gel capsules more stealthier than other methods, but they are also incredibly easy to ingest and provide little to no cannabis flavor at all. Though their onset may be delayed due to their gel enclosure needing to be dissolved first, they are a perfect subtle option for people on the go.

Using empty gel capsules, you’ll want to fill them up with your AVB, seal them, and then pack them away for future use. Clean and simple.

Caffeinated Beverages

If you’re looking to add some cannabinoid therapy to your morning cup of joe, simply grind your AVB and blend it with your coffee grinds. This will create an infused beverage, killing two birds with one stone. If you’d rather go without the cannabis flavor in your coffee, additives or a strong coffee roast will usually help in masking the flavor.

For tea, you’ll want to follow the same procedure. Simply grind the remains of your AVB and blend it with your tea leaves. Once completed, let it steep and enjoy the result. Masking the cannabis flavor may be a little more difficult with teas. With the knowledge of cannabinoids being fat-soluble, adding a bit of milk or cream will help solve the problem.


For the patient among us, this method requires around a few weeks to complete. You’ll want to use a high proof alcohol to separate and dissolve the remaining cannabis resin in your AVB. Typically the higher the potency of alcohol, the better, but you’ll need to ensure that the alcohol is also safe to consume. Since AVB is typically less potent than fresh bud, a safe ratio to start with would be 500ml of alcohol per ounce of AVB as this will produce mild effects, great for microdoses. If you find the mixture to be too mild for your taste, you may adjust the ratio accordingly.


1: Grind your AVB to a fine consistency.

2: Using a glass container, mix your AVB and high-proof alcohol together.

3: Seal the container and let the mixture sit for a few weeks, shaking it once a day. Stirring or shaking the mixture for a few minutes a day may expedite the process.

4: Once a few weeks have passed, use a coffee filter or straining tool to separate the AVB from the mixture.

Coconut Oil

Since cannabinoids are fat-soluble, coconut oil is an easy way to put your AVB to use. Keep in mind, it will take a few hours to create the oil. To start, you’ll want to heat up your coconut oil using a low heat.

Once the oil has reached a liquid consistency, stir in your AVB, and mix the two together. Let the whole mixture simmer on low heat for a few hours, occasionally stirring. After the time has passed, using a coffee filter or straining tool, strain and remove the AVB from the infused oil.


If all of these other options haven’t yet captured your interest and you want something a bit more exciting, the good news is, you can actually still smoke your AVB. Granted that the effects will be dwarfed in comparison to fresh bud, this is any easy failsafe method if you can’t be bothered to do the rest, or if you just like to play with fire.

Final Thoughts

If you vape cannabis frequently, take a step back before you decide to toss your used bud away. We hope this article helped to expose you to some creative new ways to get the most out of your weed. As always, happy smoking. Enjoy!

Moon Rocks – The Caviar of Cannabis

You may have seen pictures of moon rocks or references to them online already, but do you know what they are? 

Besides looking spectacular when photographed well, and like green blobs when done poorly, there is so much more to this cannabis concentrate than meets the eye.

Come with us on our lunar exploration to uncover the secrets and mysteries of this extraterrestrial cannabis concentrate! 

What are Moon Rocks?

Put simply, this product is made whole buds that are soaked in a cannabis extract and then dipped in kief. 

If that sounds too simple, continue reading and you’ll see for yourself. 

The original moon rocks recipe called for only a few choice ingredients assembled in a very simple way. Nugs of quality cannabis flower are collected and then coated in layers and layers of hash oil. These nugs are usually submerged in a first layer of hash oil, left to dry, and submerged again. 

Once the last layer of hash oil is applied, the entire nug is rolled around in a final coating of kief to get these moon rocks their dusted, lunar appearance. 

You can imagine that these moon rocks pack a punch. The potency can vary depending on where you source your moon rocks but is often around 50% or more THC. The product also comes filled with terpenes, especially with those packed into the powdery kief. This results in flavor explosion along with a potent rocks moon high.

This product can be a cost-effective way to get high as a little goes a long way. All you need to do is break off a piece and add it to your favorite smoking method! 

The Effects of Moon Rocks

The effects, broadly speaking are rather intense. You can expect a strong head high that spreads throughout the body and lasts. You may find the high lasts longer than with other products due to the combination of regular cannabis flower, layers of cannabis hash oil inside and the kief (trichomes of the cannabis plant) that cover the outside of the nug. 

With the potent dose of THC inside, these moon rocks are great for medical patients who need the intensity. Recreational consumers of cannabis also love the highs that come with smoking Moon Rocks. Ensure you stay safe by exercising all the usual safe consumption practices, especially starting with a low dose.

Origins of The Moon Rock

The origins of the Moon Rock are unknown, and not yet confirmed. We do know that this product is a relative newcomer on the cannabis scene. If you haven’t seen them in person yet, that isn’t surprising. However, you can be sure you’ll likely see far more of them. And with that in mind, we may as well learn all about them so you can impress your friends.

There are rumors that they were first made by the dispensary Starbudz760. It was the legendary West Coast rapper Kurupt who helped popularize the product. He has his own trademarked variety called Kurupt Moonrock. 

Kurupt’s real name is Ricardo E. Brown, and he is a former executive vice-president of Death Row Records. As the story goes, it was while working on a mixtape with Dr. Zodiak (Daniel Laughlin), that the duo created Moon Rocks. 

Multiple Names for the Same Thing

At times, these products are described as THC Rocks or THC Moon Rocks. Whatever name you wanna call them, they are a wonderfully potent and pleasant product to consume. Try these rocks out the next time you want to get really baked.

You may have heard them called cannabis caviar, although technically this term describes nugs that are dipped in extracts and don’t have an outer layer of kief. As we’ll soon learn, this product is drizzled with extracts and then dipped in Kief, resulting in an out-of-this-world product. 

As with all popular cannabis products, the quality of the starting marijuana makes all the difference. The best weed is resin rich and will make the best stones. The same goes for the quality of the extract used and the kief that the stones are covered in with a roll.

How to Make Moon Rocks

moon rocks definition

This product can be made from just about any cannabis strain, along with the concentrate of choice and kief. You can also use hash oil as your concentrate of choice, although distillate also works well. Picking the right product can be hard, so please stick with the strains you enjoy.

In short, a moon rock is basically an entire cannabis bud, soaked in a cannabis concentrate of hash oil. Several rounds of soaking a nug in hash oil, letting it absorb into the nug and dunking it again are required to really bring up the moon rock’s potency. 

 The final step involves dipping and rolling your nugs around in kief. From that point, all the moon rocks need to do is dry out and they are ready for use. It’s that easy to make them!

If you wanted to take your moon rocks in a bit of a different direction, you could also soak it in THC distillate as well, though that might bring the moon rock’s potency to an even higher level that could be problematic if you’re not well versed in handling the effects! 

THC Potency

The combination of flower, extracts, and a dusting of kief create a potent package. You’ll find THC-laden trichomes all over the surface of these stones. When you see them you’ll see why they have the name moon rocks weeds. Once you smoke this product, you’ll understand the name even more. You may just find yourself floating up in space, feeling super stoned. 

Storage Conditions

Ensure you stored them in a glass container for easy cleaning. Store in a cool, dark, and dry place for the best storage conditions. When you want to use them, break them up by hand. You can take these pieces and simply add them into your joint, blunt, or bowl. We’ll turn to this process next. 

How to Smoke Moon Rocks

The moon rock is not for the novice smoker. They pack a punch and require a decent level of tolerance. That said, for the regular consumer, the additional potency is a pleasant treat. Think of moon rocks like the sprinkles on top of a cake. Not only will your bowls look prettier, but they will also have a significant increase in THC potency. 

Smoking a moon rock can be a messy process. You DO NOT want to grind them, don’t even try! The hash oil within will jam up your grinder and make it difficult to use afterwards. 

You can use scissors to help break them apart, but expect them to get sticky and require cleaning afterward. 

You may want to light your bowl with a hemp wick, as these rocks can take some time to fully light. 

You’ll get a better taste and less chance of burning yourself by using a hemp wick. Rolling this sticky product into a joint or blunt tends to be a tricky process. Those with less experience will want to stick with glassware, as we’ll now discuss.


Unlike regular dried flower, this product is thick and sticky. You’ll need to pull it apart like taffy. Generally, you’ll want to add it to some dried flower in your bowl. This is because the bits and pieces won’t burn all that well on their own. 

Similar to hash or kief, it’s better to use moon rocks as a topper to increase the potency of your bowl. It won’t be long till we see a moon rocks cart for sale.

Joints and Blunts

The same situation applies to rolled cannabis joints and bongs. You’ll need to use dried flower with some broken-off pieces of moon rocks to get a good cherry going. Sprinkle some of this concentrate inside and take your joints to the next level. 

The process can get sticky and complicated real fast. This method is likely better suited for those with some top-notch rolling abilities. If you’re a new roller, you may want to start with a pipe or bong. 

Start and Go slow

Depending on your tolerance level, this potent product may be too much. Ensure you avoid burning out by starting with a small dose on top of the normal amount of dried flower that you smoke. If you decide to smoke a bunch, you may just end up greening out and not enjoying the experience. 

Don’t forget to drink water and eat some food before getting too baked.

Final Thoughts on Moon Rocks

These flavourful stones are filled with THC (or CBD) to help you get your feet off the ground. You’ll like the effects of cannabis moon rocks for sure, as long as you consume the right-sized dose.  If you’re curious about making your own, the recipe is so simple that you’ll be able to recall it from the heart. Remember that there are only 3 steps to the entire process – find quality cannabis nugs, soak the nugs in hash oil several times and finish off with a dusting of kief.

We hope this article has shed some light on the dark side of the moon surrounding this cannabis concentrate and has inspired you to try some for yourself sometime!