Cannabinol – A Potentially New “CBD?”

Cannabinol – you might not have heard of it, but you will soon.

Whenever you come across articles that tout the medicinal uses of cannabis, there are two active ingredients that steal the show— tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). These compounds are probably the most well-known among the cannabis community, and you’ve likely heard about some of their benefits.

CBN, a lesser-known cannabinoid, has largely been overshadowed by the other components within the marijuana plant due to the nature of its production. Though the body of research is still growing, the things that are being uncovered about this compound are astounding.

So to anybody that is serious about learning more about cannabis and its healing properties, its important to find out more about some of the compounds. If that’s what you’re looking for, then you’ve found the right place!

What Exactly is Cannabinol?

cannabinol definition

Researchers have been aware of CBN’s presence in cannabis plants for a while now. However, due to funding issues, the research has never been advanced any further to the point that it is at today. Due to the changing perceptions of cannabis in academia, it’s beginning to attract curious minds and the body of research continues to grow at a historical pace. 

CBN has been known to work in tandem with both THC and CBD in therapeutic trials. There is evidence to show that cannabinol can help to reduce intraocular pressure in the eyes as an alternative solution to Glaucoma.

CBN is one of many minor cannabinoids produced in the cannabis plant. Over the plant’s growing cycle, some THC begins to oxidize and begins to change its chemical structure into CBN. 

At the time of writing this article, CBN is not listed in the controlled substances act of the United States. However, CBN has been considered an analog of cannabidiol (CBD) and/or tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Since the chemical can still be directly linked with cannabis (Schedule I substance) under this act, it might be tricky for the researchers to find the funding they need.

How Do I Find CBN?

As mentioned earlier, a cannabis plant has a naturally occurring cycle that converts some THC into CBN due to oxidation. Therefore, if a plant is exposed to an excessive amount of heat, light, or oxygen it can potentially lead to higher amounts of CBN. Not only does this apply to a plant’s growing cycle, but also during the storage and curing phases in production. If a plant is mistreated at the production level, the CBN content will be higher.

Strains that are high in CBN are uncommon compared with ones rich in THC or CBD because most consumers prefer cannabis that is fresh as opposed to older. This gives rise to a new market, which can sell CBN-rich products to those who read about the perks associated with its consumption and would like to reap the rewards.

However, these products can be quite troublesome to find since CBN is typically cultivated from aged cannabis flower and in significantly smaller quantities when compared with other cannabinoids. If this is the case, CBN is not as hard to come by as you may think. You will simply have to allow your cannabis bud to age and oxidize under your supervision.

Potential benefits of cannabinol (CBN)

cannabinol definition

As more research is done on this chemical, we are learning about more ways to use CBN. For the time being, CBN has promising properties to help treat patients with insomnia as a proper dosage offers sedative-like symptoms to ease people into slumber. Research also shows evidence of this cannabis-related compound to have the ability to decrease inflammation, pain reduction, and anti-bacterial attributes.

Much like other cannabinoids, CBN can also be used alongside its counterparts to complement the healing properties of it, or other substances like CBD or THC. An article from 2011 found the combination of CBN and THC were effective in sedating patients who were having trouble sleeping.

This is a promising find because of the rising concerns with the use of unnecessarily strong medications for patients with mild to moderate symptoms. Additionally, it also opens options for patients who are more comfortable with naturopathic medicine but maintain the same level of care. The study also suggested that CBN has a therapeutic use on its own. It can be used to treat mild issues like insomnia and act as an anti-inflammatory.

Generally, as cannabis ages, it loses some of its potency because the THC within the plant matter begins to oxidize. Although it may sound like a bad thing at first, this could also prove to be a benefit to most people. Cannabinoids have different effects and consequences when different proportions are mixed and matched.

These varying effects explain why certain strains provide you with different feelings and emotions during your high. This is also known as the entourage effect.

So after your cannabis oxidizes and changes in its chemical composition, the high may not be the same, but it could offer some other benefits to you. Chief Scientist Jeremy Riggle explains that CBN is a non-psychoactive chemical which has a tenth of the potency that THC has on the human mind.

This is due to CBN’s weaker affinity to CB1 receptors compared with something lie THC. In other words, THC is much more prone to binding with these receptors in your brain than CBN molecules are, which is why it’s mainly responsible for the high when you smoke weed.

When CBN is paired with CBD, it can be used as a non-psychotropic alternative for patients who are experiencing troubles with sleep. As mentioned earlier, CBN contains the abilities to enhance the effects of other cannabinoids and makes their effects more prominent. It is known that CBD is a non-psychoactive treatment for pain and sleeplessness.

When paired together, these two cannabinoids have the potential to treat chronic-severe patients due to their heavy sedative characteristics. However, more research is needed in this subject matter before it should be used in clinical practices.

Side effects of Cannabinol (CBN)

Like most other medicines and drugs, the user may experience some adverse effects to CBN. The current literature about CBN suggests that the side effects are similar to that of CBD. It goes without saying that if one consumes more than they’re supposed to use, they will encounter more intense side effects.

These can include:

  • Dizziness
  • Feeling sluggish
  • Drowsiness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fatigue

CBN vs CBD – What is the difference?

cannabinol guide

Up until this point, it is almost as if CBN and CBD were used interchangeably throughout this article. To the untrained eye, they do share many similar traits and benefits but there are stark differences when they’re closely examined.

CBN

Cannabinol is a mild psychotropic compound that shares some therapeutic properties with CBD such as its sedative effects. It is only slightly psychotropic because it has a significantly weaker affinity to the CB1 receptors in the brain. In relation to THC, cannabinol has one-tenth of the psychoactive strength. What sets it apart from many of the other cannabinoids is its ability to complement them for their various applications.

CBD

CBD is among many other different cannabinoids but, by far, one of the most abundant within the cannabis family. When most people think about therapeutic treatments with cannabis, they typically default to the usage of CBD and rightfully so.

In the United States, where cannabis use has yet to be regulated, CBD has been used since it can be derived from hemp. Hemp is used since it does not contain any of the psychoactive properties typically found in marijuana plants (e.g. THC). These products can be found in products ranging from cooking oils to hand creams and are highly regarded for their therapeutic applications. In the medical community, CBD may be an alternative treatment option for mild anxiety, pain, and might even help with depression.

The differences between the two

Now that the individual understanding of each cannabinoid is established, it’s important to analyze the differences that they have. Though they both come from the cannabis plant and may be similar in many other regards, they differ in their method of production and effects.

As we mentioned before, CBN production is typically non-intentional and is a byproduct of THC oxidization. This process can be accelerated if the plant matter is exposed to light, heat, or oxygen. Therefore, if a cannabis product is left out in the sun for too long, it will have much higher CBN levels compared with its newly harvested counterparts.

The main difference between the two in terms of production is that CBN cannot be directly targeted for genetic manipulation like how CBD can. In order for growers to increase their CBN potency, the cannabis plant must age naturally and allow the THC to oxidize (i.e the environmental factors dictate the potency). On the other hand, the CBD composition of a cannabis plant is linked with its genetic architecture. Consequently, CBN can be much more time consuming to grow, since the THC must slowly convert into CBN as opposed to CBD where it’s being bred with high amounts.

Not only are their growing processes different but the two compounds can have different applications in what they treat as well. CBD is great for those with an overactive mind and thus, helps to treat with insomnia, depression, and anxiety. CBN offers similar utility but centered more around issues with sleep deprivation. It presents the user with a more sedative feeling, partly due to its minute psychotropic effects.

Concluding Thoughts on Cannabinol

The body of knowledge on cannabinol is ever-growing from the changing perceptions of cannabis culture. Although it is not a cure-all solution as some may claim, it still may be a partial fix for some.

Like most other things in the cannabis industry, the true utility of CBN has yet to be discovered and will remain that way for quite a while. Surely, it offers some medical solutions as well as some recreational and it could be the patients’ preferred option over conventional methods.

Hopefully, this article was helpful in answering your curiosities and inquiries about cannabinol and its future potential!

Terp Sauce – Everything You Need to Know

As the current reigning champion of cannabis concentrates — Terp Sauce is arguably the most popular extract on the market today. This balanced and therapeutic product provides a full-spectrum of cannabinoids that entices smokers with its rich flavor profile and potent high that slowly transforms you into a couch-locked munchie monster.

While it doesn’t seem that long ago that smoking flower used to be all the rage, today, powerful concentrates like Terp Sauce are flying off the shelves as fast as they’re hitting them. If truth be told, there are now so many ways to consume weed, it would be a part-time job just to keep up. 

Taking this into consideration, we wanted to make sure you weren’t left behind in the proverbial dust (or in this case a plume of smoke), so we created this terp sauce guide to give you the facts about what this wacky weed product is, how it’s made, and of course — how to smoke it.

What is Terp Sauce?

terp sauce definition

If you want to get technical, Terp Sauces’ original name given at birth was High Terpene Full-Spectrum Extract (htfse) — but it prefers to be called Terp Sauce, or Terp Juice by its close friends and family. 

This extract is more than a fancy name; it’s also highly regarded for its high terpene and cannabinoid content, making it one of the most appetizing and physically inducing experiences you can have with cannabis. 

It’s also important to know that Terp Sauces can differ in consistency and appearance, but a pure terp extract should contain about 60% terpenes and 40% cannabinoids. If you’re wanting a more powerful THC punch, you can always purchase a Terp Sauce that contains THC Diamonds for a little extra zip — but we only recommend this for our seasoned smokers. 

What are Terpenes?

terp sauce guide

Terpenes are aromatic compounds that produce the scent or “aroma” of a plant, and in cannabis’s case, these special smells can range from skunky to sweet, depending on each plant’s unique terpene profile. 

Much like other strong-smelling plants including pine trees, eucalyptus, and menthol — terpenes in cannabis are formed to lure pollinators and to repel predators. Many factors including weather, climate, maturation, age, soil type, fertilizers, and even time of day can influence a plant’s terpene development. 

There are more than 100 different types of terpene found in cannabis, with each strain varying in terpene type and amount. In actuality, most weed strain monikers are given based on the plant’s smell, appearance, or lineage. Cheese strains and their descendants, for example, will more than likely have the discernible cheese-like aroma, and all Blueberry strains would inherit their ancestral blueberry odor.

Nevertheless, aside from smelling good, terpenes have other benefits — but most importantly — they’re needed to trigger the entourage effect. 

The Entourage Effect

No, this isn’t a side effect of watching too many Entourage reruns on HBO — it’s the term that refers to the additional advantages that are present when consuming the full   terpene and cannabinoid profile naturally found in marijuana. 

While THC and CBD are the primary cannabinoids that fuel the entourage effect, they are heavily influenced by terpenes. 

Word on the street is that terpenes increase the therapeutic and psychedelic effects that are synergistic with cannabinoids. 

In a nutshell, this means that adding or removing terpenes from cannabis alters not only the smell, but it modifies the impact CBD or THC has over your mind and well-being. 

Although the entourage effect is widely recognized and supported in the cannabis culture, we felt the need to point out that some experts contend it’s nothing more than a hypothesis, and more research is needed — so use at your discretion. 

What Makes Terp Sauce So Unique?

Several factors come into play when determining all the reasons that make Terp Sauce such a unique and unrivaled product. The smell and flavor alone make it a more pleasant and immersive experience than other cannabis products — but it’s also a full-spectrum product that contains a “full-spectrum” of cannabinoids and terpenes like we mentioned earlier. 

While the focus of Terp Sauce is the terpenes, don’t let that fool you into thinking this is weak, or not potent. It’s still a concentrated product. Other extracts like wax, shatter, or isolates have the terpenes removed or distilled down, whereas Terp Sauce keeps them intact. It’s Terp Sauces’ ability to be highly concentrated in THC, CBD, and terpenes that make it such a unique product in the world of weed — it just isn’t seen. 

How is Terp Sauce Made?

terp sauce diamonds

Like a fine wine, live resin needs to be aged (cured) before it can be made into Terp Sauce. If you don’t know what live resin is, it requires using fresh flower that has been flash-frozen, instead of dried bud as the base extract. 

The other main difference between live resin Terp Sauce and other marijuana extracts is the preservation of terpenes. 

Since terpenes are extremely volatile, freezing the fresh plant material prevents them from degrading or getting ruined, whereas other methods don’t really consider preserving terpenes. It then uses a butane hash oil (BHO) extraction before aging. If you think you can do this yourself at home — think again. You need to be a trained expert to pull the extraction process off successfully and to ensure there is no butane left behind in the final product. 

Once this step is complete, Terp Sauce is processed and packaged alone or with THC Diamonds so you can combine them and create some Diamond Sauce. The process of making THC Diamonds and Terp Sauce at the same time is referred to as “Diamond Mining” in the cannabis industry, and each batch will present different ratios of sauce to diamonds. 

Before we move forward, we need to circle back for a moment. We told you that Terp Sauce needs to be aged, but we didn’t exactly tell you why. Curing or aging cannabis allows a process called nucleation to happen — which is a fancy way of describing the separation process that occurs between cannabinoids and terpenes. This causes the Terp Sauce and THCA compounds to separate, and these extracted THCA compounds can then be used to make THC Diamonds, which can then be used to make Diamond Sauce. 

How Do You Smoke Terp Sauce?

how to smoke terp sauce

Now that we got the logistics out of the way, let’s cover the fun part: how to smoke it! Smoking Terp Sauce is a very easy and straightforward process that can be enjoyed using a vaporizer, dab rig, or with any other glass pipes, bowls, or bongs. Simply add a little Terp Sauce on top of your bowl to improve the potency, aroma, and flavor. 

If you have a Liquid Terp Sauce, you can make Snoop Dogg proud and drizzle it over your weed before rolling a joint, or you could always go high-tech and use a dab rig or vaporizer that is wet concentrate compatible.

Will you get high from Terp Sauce? 

Absolutely. Don’t let its good looks and smell distract you from the fact that Terp Sauce is loaded with THC — the primary cannabinoid responsible for making you feel high. This is why Terp Sauce is considered and categorized as a cannabis concentrate; it’s a concentrated form of cannabis that is much more potent than smoking a bowl of flower. 

This is also why it’s important to be aware of how much you can tolerate and to be mindful of how much you’re consuming. Begin with a small dose and gradually increase it from there; waiting a good 10 minutes between each toke to allow the high to hit you before taking more. 

Concluding Thoughts on Terp Sauce

Packed with terpenes, terp sauce is a full-flavour, full-spectrum extract that gets to the essence of what makes cannabis, well, cannabis! While smoking regular flower and concentrates such as shatter are great in their own regard at providing you with their own blend of flavours, they don’t hold a candle to the flavours that terp sauce is able to provide

All in all, Terp Sauce is a flavorful yet potent way to get really high, really fast — just remember to use with caution and common sense!

Honey Oil : What You Need To Know

Are you having trouble keeping all the various cannabis products straight? You’re not alone. With the ever-growing assortment of cannabis products, and the weird names they use (strain names like God’s Green Crack and Death Star come to mind) it can be hard to keep up, especially with something as tasty sounding as honey oil. 

Are you unsure about what makes each of them special and why you should buy them? Honey oil is not your ordinary tincture or infused oil. 

Want to find out why?

Continue reading and you’ll learn everything you could ever need to know about this amber coloured extract!

Tell me about Honey Oil

honey oil how to make

You may have heard it called Hash oil, but it’s the same thing. I know this can be confusing, but we’ll sort it all out.  Using extraction technology, we can remove the valuable cannabis compounds from dried flower and concentrate them into a consumable product. Honey oil is also called weed honey, but by any name, it is filled with THC, CBD, terpenes, and more.

The name may lead you to expect a product similar to other infused oils. In reality, what you’ll find is a sticky and thick product. The reason for this is all in the process. Through something called winterization, we go from dried flower to this clear-amber colored product. The winterization process removes the stuff that you wouldn’t want from your honey oil, stuff like the plant’s chlorophyll, its fats and its lipids. 

Once removed, the only thing that remains is a highly potent product that’s safe to consume when done responsibly.

The cannabis community loves its slang, and Honey oil is a perfect example. While you may expect it to be sweet, it does not live up to its name. What you can expect is a potent product, free of plant material, capable of getting you baked. Inside this concentrated product are only the compounds you really want, and nothing more.

The terms wax and shatter are also used to describe honey oil at times. This can be more confusing, but it is because both of those products are made from Honey Oil. We won’t be learning about all of that today though. Instead, we’re going to be focusing on what exactly makes Honey Oil such a fantastic product.

What to do with Honey Oil?

honey oil how to use

The versatility of Honey oil makes it great for all types of consumers. Whether you prefer smoking, vaping, or dabbing, you can use Hash Oil to get you baked. It can be added into joints, or even dabbed on the hot cherry of your glass bowl. 

In fact, there’s a specific kind of joint called the “thai stick” that involves dipping a joint in honey oil before rolling it around in kief for a super-charged experience!

Keep in mind that this product is potent! Just a little can go a long way to adding some punch to your weed!

Why is Honey Oil Special?

The first and most critical factor is potency. The THC content of Honey Oil can be 80% or more. Compare this with dried flower, which ranges from 10-20% THC. Through extraction, we get rid of the plant matter and concentrate the cannabinoids.

The unique consistency and appearance of this product are simply beautiful. Smoke just a bit and you may find yourself staring at your Honey Oil for hours.

As we discussed, this product goes by many names. Hash oil is the exact same thing as Honey Oil. Shatter and Wax are made from Hash oil, but they are not the same final product at all. We’ll learn how to make honey oil before the end of this article. 

Before that, however, we will focus on the critical factor for all concentrate: the starting material. High-quality flower makes amazing concentrates, but this can also go the other way.

You only get out what you put in

Before we even start making cannabis concentrates, we have to ask one question. What starting material will we use? You can make this concentrate out of any bud you got laying around, even trim or shake. That said, the better the bud, the better the Hash Oil. There is nothing wrong with starting with some lower-quality shake to get the experience you need before using your good stuff. Once you have the starting material figured out, it’s time to focus on the process.

How To Make Honey Oil

The process for making Honey this concentrate is not difficult, but there are easier methods for beginners, like cannabis oil and rosin. Extracting out cannabis requires a solvent, and Hash oil generally is made using CO2, butane, or isopropyl alcohol.

Since butane is very flammable, it needs to be used outdoors. Not doing so can be deadly, so do your research is using butane for extraction. An alternative method that is safer involves using isopropyl alcohol. Ventilation is still important, so ensure you get some air flowing. You also won’t have to worry about residual solvents in the final product, which is a major concern with butane and certain other solvents.

Using Isopropyl Alcohol

honey oil how to make guide

For the best quality product with the simplest and safest process, you can’t go wrong with isopropyl alcohol. If you can access ethanol or methanol, these may be better options. Do your research before using any product at home. Before we dive into the details, there is one scientific process to discuss, called winterization. Skipping this step can result in creating Cherry Oil instead of Honey Oil. Cherry oil is darker and has a thicker consistency, like molasses.

Understanding Winterization

Don’t worry, the most complicated part you need to know is the name. The process itself is simple and only requires a freezer. All you do is leave the cannabis plant material and isopropyl alcohol in the freezer for 24 hours. More details are described below! This process removes unwanted wax, fats, and chlorophyll found in the plant material. This leaves you with what you need to create a clean and transparent oil. 

The benefits of winterization include enhanced potency, clarity, and a better smoking/vaping experience. The shelf-life of your product is also increased. Although from our experience you’ll smoke all of your Oil long before this matters! Once you get through the winterization process, then it is time for extraction.

Making Honey Oil with Isopropyl Alcohol

There are only two steps needed to make this amber coloured concentrate, that’s all! We just discussed the first step, winterization. It does take a little patience, but the benefits are worth the wait. The second step involves the actual extraction using isopropyl alcohol. This is how we pull out all those valuable compounds to create this potent and pleasant concentrate.

Materials:

  • Cannabis
  • Isopropyl Alcohol
  • Freezer
  • Baking pan
  • Mason Jar
  • Coffee filter / Mesh bag
  • Tool for scraping

An Easy Process

Don’t worry, the entire process is straightforward. After you grind up your weed, place it, and the isopropyl alcohol into your Freezer for 24 hours. After that, you combine the two into the mason jar and shake it up for 30 seconds. Then you pour the combo through the mesh bag/coffee filter into the baking pan. 

Let it sit for a bit, so that all the iso evaporates. Scrape the remaining product into an airtight container for storage, preferably a cool dark place. It can also be stored in the fridge, based on your preferences. 

You may be thinking, is that it? Yup, it is that simple. Once you get the hang of it, you may be wondering what to do next?

Future Considerations

honey oil

The best part about making Honey Oil, besides how easy it is, is that you can do so much with it. Feel free to experiment with alternative methods and different solvents. Just make sure you do your research and follow all safety tips! Butane is commonly used and requires you to make an extractor pipe. This makes the process slightly more difficult, but the results can be worth it. Remember to work outside in a spot with good air circulation if using any potentially dangerous solvent.

The other option is taking you Honey Oil and processing it even more. This is how we get to concentrates like shatter and wax. There are some additional supplies, knowledge, and skills needed to make these products safely. After making Honey Oil a few times, you may find the motivation to figure out these next steps.

Getting High with Honey Oil

The versatility of Honey oil makes it easy to get high however you like to do so. Add it to joints, pipes, and bowls. Add it to dried flower to enhance the flavor and potency of your smoke or vape. Bring out that torch and dab rig for a great dabbing experience.

No matter how you like to blaze with Honey Oil, make sure heat is involved to activate the THC. Otherwise, you won’t be getting high from it!

Enjoy Honey Oil responsibly, however you like to do so. By now you should have a solid understanding of Hash Oil, including how to make it and consume it. You’ll love this potent product whether you make it yourself or buy it. 

What are THC Diamonds? – A Deep Dive

These may not be a girl’s best friend, but they might be a stoner’s best buddy! You may be wondering what the heck are THC Diamonds? Don’t worry, this isn’t an article about jewelry. We’re going to take a deep look into one of the purest and most potent cannabis products available on the market.

You are probably also wondering about one critical topic, will these diamonds get you high? 

Using new technologies (likely while stoned), experts have created this fantastic cannabis concentrate. It may be expensive relative to some other products, but damn do these diamonds pack a punch. Their purity and potency can’t be beaten. They also happen to be very versatile, just about any way you like to get high will work with THC Diamonds. 

You may also hear them called THCA Diamonds (it’s confusing, I know!) but after this in-depth guide, you’ll have everything you ever need to know about this fantastic little concentrate, how they’re made and why these little THC crystals are quickly beating out shatter, budder and live resin in the popularity rankings!

So What Are They Really?

thc diamonds guide

These products are named based on their appearance. Another set of names used to describe them are THC or THCA crystalline. It’s the same thing, don’t worry! This is because this product actually looks like diamonds. At least the most giant crystals do, with others slightly smaller. 

They may look like granulated sugar and only be a few millimeters wide, but they are highly concentrated. Put simply, these diamonds are pure crystalline THC or CBD. 

The reason why they are at times called THCA diamonds is that technically this term is the most accurate. When exposed to heat, THCA undergoes a process called decarboxylation and converts to THC. What’s important here is that THC-A won’t do much, while it’s THC that gets you baked. Since using this product requires decarbing to be active in your body, some people prefer to cut to the chase and call them THC Diamonds. 

You may be thinking that it is all fine and good, but how does this product stack up to other concentrates? The next section will enlighten you. After that conversation, we’ll learn a bit about their history and then discover how they are made. It’s fun stuff, I promise. 

Comparing THC Diamonds with other Concentrates

You may have already heard about some of the modern concentrates, like live resin, distillates, shatter, and wax. This leads to the obvious question, what makes THC Diamonds unique? The biggest stand-out is purity, with numbers as high as 99.9% THCA in these crystals. The complex process and technology required to make THC diamonds justify the price. 

Not enough for you, well, then compare the potency. Terp Sauce may have 40% THC, while shatter, wax, and budders can reach 60-90% THC. That hash product likely has under 65% THC, while Hash oil can be found anywhere between 30-60% THC. Compare this to the insane purity of THC Diamonds, reaching 99% or more THC. 

For those avoiding smoking plant matter and/or combustion, diamonds are perfect for you. The beneficial impacts of switching to vaping concentrates like THCA diamonds on your lungs may make you wonder why you never switched before!

How THC Diamonds came to be

thc diamonds definition

Throughout the evolution of cannabis extracts and concentrates, we owe a debt of thanks to the bright individuals who pushed us forward. THC Diamonds broke the THC purity ceiling by being the first product to reach nearly 100% potency. And like with other advances, there are people to thank.

It was Guild Extracts in California that set this mind-boggling record. While other crystalline versions of THCA were on the market, these guys raised the bar. They used something fancy called molecular isolation to create this nearly pure product and reach 99.9% purity. Consumers immediately fell in love with this product and haven’t looked back since. 

Winterization

Without boring you with too many details, you should understand one process called winterization. While it sounds complicated, all it means is removing extra lipids and other unwanted materials from the product before extraction. Liquid methanol and Isopropyl Alcohol are both used as solvents for this process. Generally, it involves leaving the contents in a freezer for 24 hours. 

After this, weed is combined with the solvent to separate the waxes and chlorophyll from all the good stuff. By removing these substances, you end up with a pure product with an incredibly clean appearance. 

How to Make These Brilliant Crystals?

The process behind making THC Diamonds is not doable at home. Unless you have some advanced lab technology in your garage. These diamonds take expertise and time to create. After finishing the winterization step, several rounds are completed with solvents and pressure. 

The process for making these crystals starts out similar to other concentrates. The first steps are similar to making uncured live resin. The final stages are what makes this product so special. 

This process requires a strong scientific understanding. It also requires knowing how to use a chromatography machine. It also takes more time than some other methods, as we work to get those crystals formed. 

Cold Extraction techniques are used, which is just a fancy way of saying that THCA does not undergo decarboxylation during the process. This is why these THCA diamonds still require heat to become active in your body. A closed-loop system is used for this process. 

All you need to know is that this means even higher production costs. Butane is one commonly used solvent in this process, although several compounds are required to complete it. All of these steps require good safety measures to ensure nobody gets hurt.  

Getting those Crystals 

What truly separates THC Diamonds from other products is their pure and pretty crystallized texture. The reason for this difference involves one major shift. Instead of trying to remove the solvents used as quickly as possible, as is common with most concentrates, this process is prolonged. 

The trick is leaving around 10-15% of the solvent in the product after the first purge. By slowly removing the remaining solvent under pressurized conditions, identifiable crystals begin to form. We owe this magical outcome to the fact that THCA compounds bond to one another, forming crystals. 

After completing this process and undergoing a few rounds in a roto vape, you end up with isolated THCA diamonds. This product is then dried, often taking 3-11 days, depending on who is doing it. All of this extra care and attention is what makes THC diamonds so spectacular. 

What about Diamond Mining?

You may have seen this term used often online. The process is similar to the one just described. The key difference involves the inclusion of sauce. This method results in not just creating THCA Diamonds, but also in the separation of a terp sauce. The liquid and the crystals separate during production. This leaves you with two products, THC Diamonds, and Terp Sauce.

For those wondering what Terp Sauce is, the answer is simple. It is a potent mixture of cannabinoids and terpenes, often more than 50% terpenes. If you want more than just THC or CBD, look for THC Diamonds that are sold while soaking in this Terp Sauce. Totally up to you, pick the product that interests you most. 

How to Smoke THC Diamonds

thc diamonds define

If you eat these crystals raw, they won’t get you high. They need to be heated before becoming active. And by active, I mean capable of getting you nice and ripped. You can pick whichever method you want from this point. 

Do you like to smoke, vape, or dab? Whichever you prefer, THC Diamonds can be consumed with these heating methods. Ideally, you want the product to reach temperatures of around 350°F or 176°C before you inhale. 

Whether you add these crystals to your bowl or pipe or add it to joints, the result is a potent THC experience. If you want more flavor and terpenes, you can add Terp Sauce or add Terpenes in one of several available options. Consider buying THC Diamonds in terp sauce if you can’t go without those terpenes. 

While you can enjoy these THC rocks in a variety of ways, they can unfortunately not be eaten as an edible.

Whatever you decide, ensure you manage the dosage carefully. This is an extremely potent product, so start low and go slow lest you green out!

Concluding Thoughts on THC Diamonds

THC Diamonds can be found in America, Canada, and throughout the world. You don’t want some beginner making this product for you. It’s easy nowadays to do some searches online, find the right product for you, and get it shipped to your door.

Make sure you enjoy a high-quality and safe product by buying from a reputable lab. Once you try out THC Diamonds, you may find yourself not wanting to go back to anything else.

How Long Do Edibles Last? – A Guide To Dosing

While smoking cannabis is usually the go-to method of consumption, not everybody enjoys inhaling smoke into their lungs but at the same time, it can be hard to determine how long do edibles last if you’re a novice user. Fortunately, for the non-smokers, edibles exist as an alternate form of consumption and can be a great alternative when consumed responsibly, assuming you get the dosing down correctly! .

If you’re new to THC infused foods, we’ll be answering some frequently asked questions such as how long do edibles last, how potent is the edibles high, and how our bodies metabolize and absorb THC. 

Let’s get started! 

The Basics of THC Absorption – How We Process THC

how long do edibles last guide

Before we get into differences between smoking and ingesting cannabis, it’s important that you have a firm understanding of how the human body processes and absorbs THC.  Whether you’re smoking or ingesting weed, the end result is that the THC consumed will end up circulating through your bloodstream and eventually reach your brain. However, the method of ingestion dictates the route that the THC takes to your brain. 

When inhaled, THC is able to reach the bloodstream extremely quickly. This is why you can experience the high just seconds after your first puff. When marijuana is smoked, the THC directly enters your lungs where they are lined by several millions of alveoli. Alveoli are the tiny air sacs in your lungs that allow for rapid gaseous exchange. 

The massive amount of surface area that the alveoli take up ensures that the THC is absorbed into the bloodstream in the most expedient way possible. Once the THC is in the bloodstream, it then makes its way to your brain, and then the rest of your body where it is slowly distributed and broken down over time.

When orally ingested, your body takes a slightly different approach. The THC travels through the stomach to the intestines where it is actually absorbed through the digestive tract and then metabolized by your liver. Once the THC has passed through your liver, it enters into your bloodstream. 

This is called first-pass metabolism. The chemical composition of THC is also changed while being metabolized in your liver. The THC itself becomes a slightly different version called 11-hydroxy-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (11-OH-THC) through the process of oxidation.

It’s important to note that inhaled cannabis also undergoes oxidation in the liver, as the blood containing THC absorbed from the lungs circulates throughout the body and ends up in the liver. The main difference between the two is in the amount of 11-OH-THC relative to the ratio of THC present in the body. 

THC that is absorbed via the lungs is absorbed by your brain and fatty tissue before entering your liver as well. As a result, less THC reaches your liver. When ingested, a much larger quantity of THC goes directly to your liver, leading to a more balanced ratio of THC to 11-OH-THC. 

With that said, research suggests that 11-OH-THC has better capabilities of entering the brain and crossing the blood-brain-barrier more efficiently. It’s important to note that some estimates suggest that 11-OH-THC carries a potency of anywhere between three to seven times that of THC. This is why edible cannabis tends to have a much more intense effect.

How Long Does It Take For Edibles To Kick In? 

how lon do edibles last tips

Edibles can take anywhere between 30-120 minutes to kick in. Whether you’ve eaten any food prior to your session also plays a factor in the timing of your high. 

In general, the less food you have in your stomach, the faster the edibles take to kick in. To be safe, consume your dose in a single sitting to prevent any chance of a surprise green out.

How Long Do The Effects of an Edible Last?

Typically the effects of an edible will last for upwards of 8 hours. If you have consumed a large quantity in one sitting, you can expect the edibles’ effect to last upwards of 12 hours, the high may sometimes last even longer depending on the amount consumed.

How long an edible lasts also depends on how much food you’ve eaten prior and your tolerance to cannabis. Everyone’s physiology is different so 8 the hours is a liberal estimate. If you’ve never done an edible before, it’s best to take it slow with a microdose lest you get too high and green out! 

Edible dosage chart

Due to edible cannabis’ high potency, it’s prudent to gauge your doses accordingly. Here is a brief guide on how to gauge an edibles’ dosage and what to expect at each level:

Microdose

1-2.5mg THC. Slight relief of pain, anxiety, and stress, and enhanced focus and creativity. Great for first-time users or those who are looking to microdose.

Mild dose

2.5-15mg THC. Very similar to a microdose albeit with stronger effects and slight euphoria. May alter perception and impair coordination. Great for recreational users or people with chronic symptoms of pain, anxiety, stress, or insomnia. 

Moderate dose

15-30mg THC. May produce unwanted effects. Feelings of strong euphoria, may alter perception and impair coordination. Great for seasoned cannabis veterans and medical patients who have developed a tolerance to THC.

Strong dose

30-50mg THC. May cause discomfort. Very intense feelings of euphoria. Likely to alter perception and impair coordination. Great for users who have poor GI absorption of cannabinoids or consumers who have developed a high tolerance to THC. 

Heroic dose

50-100mg THC. May cause extreme unwanted side effects like elevated heart rate, paranoia, and anxiety or nausea. High chance to alter perception and impair coordination. Suitable for cancer patients or those who are highly experienced with THC.

Final Thoughts on How Long Edibles Last

Hopefully, you’ve come out of this with some newfound knowledge about the workings of THC and the human body. We hope this article will help you in your cannabis journey. Enjoy safely and responsibly! 

An In-Depth Guide To Landrace strains

In the world of cannabis, the saying “variety is the spice of life” seems to dictate our obsession with diversity in our selection of marijuana strains and products. There always seems to be an endless selection of different varieties available to try out, with some of the more unsung ones being landrace strains – the original progenitor of present day cannabis.  

Ranging from the popular Girl Scout Cookies to more exotic strains like Pineapple Express, there never seems to be a shortage of options. However, the oversaturation of cannabis hybrids has led many connoisseurs to opt for something simpler, leading them back to the roots of it all. We are, of course, talking about landrace strains. 

So what exactly is a landrace strain? What makes them so special? And why should you care about them? In this article, we will be giving you an in-depth guide about the history, characteristics, and rarity of a landrace strain. We will also include a list of all landrace strains. If you are curious about finding out what makes these landrace strains are so rare and sought after, keep on reading!

What is a Landrace Strain?

Landrace strains are commonly known as the crème de la crème in terms of pure cannabis genetics. These types of strains come from various native species of the cannabis plant that are endemic to areas around the world. 

They are considered to be the “heirloom” strains of modern cannabis hybrids, as they are the building blocks from which many new variants are derived from. Because it is only the cannabis plants that are found in indigenous areas, landrace strains are usually very pure in their genetic composition, lending themselves to be either 100% Sativa or 100% Indica type strains. Landrace strains also and tend to hold unique characteristics depending on the conditions of the environment they were raised in.

These types of strains are also known to be very consistent in their characteristics and properties. This is due to these strains having survived multiple generations in a common natural environment, forcing them to inbreed with one another, spawning brother and sister plants with uniform characteristics. 

It is also important to note that landrace strains do not undergo any cross-breeding, meaning that their genetic composition is far less diluted than that of many modern hybrids.

Landrace strains usually get their names from the location in which they are spawned from. For example, the Indica landrace strain Pure Afghan spawned from the Hindu Kush region located in Afghanistan while the Sativa landrace strain Panama Red originated in Panama.

Where Do Landrace Strains Come From?

These days, you can easily find landrace strains growing all over the world, but that was not always the case. According to historical archives from around the world, mankind’s affinity for cannabis has been documented for thousands of years, as early usage of the plant can be dated as far back as 2900 B.C. Being a great source of entertainment we can easily see how early man would have taken a liking to bud, but it was not just the THC that humans were after either.

Cannabis’ long-lived kinship with mankind has been accredited due to the diverse resources it provided for us. For thousands of years, humans have cultivated cannabis for its ability to provide a reliable food source, sturdy fibers, and therapeutic treatments for various medicinal purposes. With that being said, research tells us that the very first cannabis plants originated in Central Asia, namely the Hindu Kush region located in Pakistan and Afghanistan.

During the 1960s and 1970s, it was believed that much of the expansion and progress creating landrace strains occurred during this era. As hippie culture established itself in this time period, the use of cannabis accelerated rapidly and became widely accepted in the west. During this time, a popular route for backpackers developed between Europe and South Asia, known as The Hippie Trail

Cutting through areas such as Iran, Afghanistan, India, and Nepal, The Hippie Trail enabled many people to travel cheaply for extended periods of time, exposing them to areas where cannabis use was common and accepted.

Naturally, many of the cannabis seeds from Central Asia eventually found themselves in the hands of several legendary cultivators around the world in areas like North California and Hawaii, and through several iterations of refinement, new heirloom strains were created. With time and refinement, cultivators were eventually able to create new landrace strains beyond Central Asia in various other countries, including Africa, South America, North America, and even Russia.

Cannabis that naturally grows freely outside of Central Asia and has had several generations to adapt to its environment are also considered landrace strains. This is due to the fact that extended inbreeding in foreign environments has helped these plants adapt from their own unique genetic composition, differing from their ancestors found in Central Asia.

What Are Landrace Strains Used for?

In the cannabis industry, most specific desired traits of marijuana can vary greatly from region to region. With the current market being obsessed with variety and novelty, cannabis users could be looking for anything from specific cannabinoid profiles, to unique aroma and flavor profiles in their cannabis. Being the building blocks of many of the cannabis creations you see in the market today, one of the main things landrace strains can be utilized for is the creation of more refined hybrid strains.

Over time, through selective breeding and refinement, growers have been able to manipulate the growth patterns of landrace strains to cater to specific medicinal issues. Furthermore, cultivators have been given the ability to get creative and experiment with breeding hybrids with other hybrids for boundless unique results. Through continuous refinement and iteration, growers have more control than ever before to experiment with the creation of innovative hybrid strains.

Landrace strains list

Pure Indica strains list:

Pure Indica strains with origins from Central Asia:
  • Hindu Kush
  • Afghani
  • Lashkar Gah
  • Mazar I Sharif
  • Pakistani Chitral Kush
  • Mag Landrace
  • Pakistan Valley Kush
  • Pure Afghan
Pure Indica strains with roots in the Hawaiian Islands:
  • Hawaiian Duckfoot
  • Puna Buddaz
  • Moloka’i Purpz

Pure Sativa Strains list:

Pure Sativa strains native to South and Central America:
  • Lamb’s Bread
  • King’s Bread
  • Punto Rojo
  • Acapulco Gold
  • Colombian Gold
  • Panama Red
  • Limon Verde
Pure Sativa strains spawned from Africa:
  • Swazi Gold
  • Red Congolese
  • Kilimanjaro
  • Durban Poison
  • Malawi
  • Rooibaard
Pure Sativa strains originally from Asia:
  • Aceh
  • Thai
  • Chocolate Thai
  • Kauai Electric
  • Luang Prabang
  • Altai (South-Central Russia/Mongolia)

Are Landrace Strains Worth Trying? The Final Word 

Chances are, you’ve already had an opportunity to try a bit of landrace genetics through smoking already popular strains such as Northern Lights, which was created by crossbreeding Thai and Afghani landraces. The fact is, most if not all of the cannabis strains available today have some landrace influence in them. If you enjoy these strains, chances are you’ll enjoy their landrace grandfathers. 

While the psychoactive effects of many landrace strains may not be as potent as that of most modern hybrids, the beauty in these strains lie within their ability to recreate a nostalgic experience where the user gets to embrace the essence of natural cannabis in its most pure and authentic form. 

How To Sober Up From Weed – 7 Ridiculously Easy Ways

Ever been too high and thought to yourself, “I wish I knew how to sober up from weed–fast”?

Chances are you have. And you’re far from being alone.

Although, fatally overdosing on cannabis is almost practically impossible, we’ve all had “greening out” moments where it sure felt like there was no return. Maybe more than we like. 

But that’s the nature of the cannabis experience for many – it’s unpredictable and highly dependent on many variables. Think tolerance levels; think diet; think the consumption method, and more. Heck, even cannabis scientists agree and are struggling to find solutions for it. 

Worse yet, these close to “greening out” moments come at the most inconvenient times — you have a forgotten doctor’s appointment this afternoon; there’s a grocery stop you have to make; or there’s a last-minute call for work. 

Regardless of what the call for duty is, there are solutions for how to sober up from weed in a hurry. In this article, we’ll provide 8 tried and true techniques that are likely to help ease the grips of the THC gods. 

But first, how can you tell if you’re too high in the first place?

How To Tell If You’ve Smoked Too Much

how to sober up from weed guide

Let’s get this clear – being too high and “greening out” isn’t the same thing, although they may have intermingling characteristics. Let’s breakdown each in more detail.

Greening Out

“Greening out” is more extreme, being the closest thing to a cannabis overdose as you’ll get, caused by your cannabinoid receptors being overstimulated with THC. 

When you’re greening out, you’ll feel anxiety to the point of panic; you may have tremors and shake; you’re dizzy to the point that you can’t stand; you experience nausea, accelerated heartbeats, and hot and cold chills. 

At the deep end, you may even lose consciousness temporarily. However, it’s far from being fatal — just ensure you’re in a safe and secure environment when experimenting with new potency levels and consumption methods.

Smoking Too Much

As for being too high, you’re slightly functional yet you’re still at the mercy of the cannabis gods. 

To know if you’re in this state, your likely experiencing slight levels of anxiety and paranoia; you’re repeating behaviors and losing track of what you’re doing; you’re experiencing “cotton mouth”; you’re “frozen” mentally, stuck and unable to engage in any activities; and lastly, your memory is a short-term oriented. 

Cannabis is a “learned experience”, meaning its symptoms are something you adjust to overtime, with the goal of using it’s trademark effects for constructive purposes. Being “too high” can be a pleasurable, fun experience once you adapt. 

However, when the last-minute call for duty occurs, the chances for joy are grounded to halt. This is where the techniques for how to sober up from weed shine. 

How Long Does It Take To Sober Up From Weed?

how to sober up from weed

The time it takes to sober up from weed from being too high, is just as dependent as the factors that got you so high in the first place, so there’s no straightforward answer to this question.

But what good is advice if it doesn’t result in actionable help?

As a baseline, if your consumption method is smoking or vaping, and you have low tolerance levels, expect to be floating on cannabis cloud nine for at least 2-4 hours since your last toke. After this time period, you’re not spruce and ready to take on the world, instead, the effects will have hit a peak and then gradually decline. 

On the other hand, if you’re consumption method is through ingestion, either by eating one of the many different edibles available today, you’re likely on a journey for at least 4-8 hours, depending on the amount you’ve eaten. After this time passes, you can expect the experience to gradually fade. 

Again, these are baseline estimates, as tolerance levels can vary greatly according to our biology! Heck, we’ve witnessed inexperienced edible takers go through the experience as if it were a pleasant pat on the back.

7 Tips For How To Sober Up From Weed 

Need to spruce up and be sharp fast? Get out of your head, drink water, take a walk are just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to easy techniques for how to sober up from weed in a hurry. Let’s explore each in more detail.Hydrate:  Are headaches, irritability, nausea and lethargy dictating your uncomfortable cannabis experience? Restore your body with electrolytes by drinking fruit smoothies or coconut water. If none are at your disposal – water or cranberry juice are great alternatives. The bottom line here is to detoxify!

Take a Cold Shower: Ever heard of cold water or cryogenic therapy? They’re methods that abruptly shock your body with cold temperatures, which in turn create cold shock proteins that alleviate inflammation throughout the body and brain. You’re probably thinking, that’s a little intense?

Do the light version by taking a cold shower when you’re feeling too high, the result will make you likely sharper, spruce and on point to take on the day’s responsibilities. If showers aren’t available, splash a tad of cold water on your face!

Exercise:  Feeling a little tense and anxious because cannabis got you upset? Don’t fret. A great solution is to send a rush of natural endorphins into your brain which block the pain signals from coming in.

We don’t suggest doing your max weights, or doing an intensity interval session, instead, go for a walk, pick up a basketball and shoot around — something simple that gets the body moving will not only take your mind off being too stoned, but should generate feel good chemicals.

Take a Nap: Mental and physical paralysis isn’t fun when you’re too high. Not one bit. If you’re overwhelmed with inactivity, let alone extremely dizzy, it’s best you don’t force yourself to do anything strenuous or challenging at all.

Have water by your side, get to a quiet, comfortable space, close your eyes, and leave all the distractions where they belong — at the door! Sometimes all it takes to know how to sober up from weed fast is giving in to cannabis’ sedative effects.

Positive Affirmations: You know what could be making your cannabis experience worse than it actually is? Your thoughts, your headspace, your mindset. If you’re too high, you’re likely thinking in catastrophic patterns — “this is a disaster!”, “I’m being judged”, “I can’t control myself!”, and so forth.

To solve this, make the gargantuan effort to focus on positive self-statements, along with thoughts that tell you this cannabis experience is only temporary and FAR from being fatal. 

Take CBD: Want to really receive the therapeutic effects of cannabis? And avoid THC’s wrath of psychoactive distortion? Studies show that cannabis best addresses ailments when there’s a THC to CBD ratio of 1:1, as CBD plays the mediator role for THC playing a wreckless role in your body. Better yet, CBD is hardly psychoactive. 

Get Your Munch On: Another solution is to eat foods that are known to produce a calming effect. Think lemons, pine nuts or black pepper. Or simply, just eat!

For some, munching is an effective technique for sobering up from weed, yet there aren’t definitive reasons why. Some speculate that fatty foods bind with cannabinoids, which metabolizes the cannabinoids faster throughout your system. Look out for more conclusive studies on the subject.

Concluding Thoughts on How to Sober up From Weed 

These techniques for how to sober up from weed in a hurry are far from a panacea that will turn off your cannabis experience as if it were a light switch.

However, they are techniques that are sure to at least make the experience less anxiety and stress-ridden, and thus help you prepare to tackle your day’s responsibilities. Sure, you may not be your sharpest and brightest in doing them, but you’re far from being the paralyzed “freak-out” stuck in the corner of your room. 

If there are any other tips we might have missed, let us know! 

Until then, stay safe and let the good times roll!

Blunt vs Joint: Are They The Same Thing?

In recent years, people have taken advantage of advancements in technology to use cannabis in new and novel ways. Some might say technologies like vaporizers make cannabis more accessible than ever. While that may be true, we also believe there’s a certain kind of magic and artistry to more traditional delivery methods like blunts, joints, and spliffs, but what’s the difference between a blunt vs joint?

Millions of people still take the time to sit down with their rolling papers, grinders, and filters to roll their cannabis by hand. You may have even seen people proudly showing off their best work on social media platforms.

Although blunts, joints, and spliffs share many similar qualities, there are a few key differences. In general, each one can be defined by the cannabis content, type of rolling paper used, and whether or not they include tobacco.

If you find yourself wondering “what’s the difference between a blunt and a joint?” or “what is a spliff?”, you’ve found yourself in the right place. We’ve included a detailed breakdown of each term below — but it’s important to note that different places may use unique slang for these same concepts.

Let’s examine these three terms in detail to understand why people around the world swear by rolling their own cannabis.

blunt-vs-joint

What is a Joint?

Joints are likely the most common way to roll cannabis. When you picture a small, tightly rolled, white paper cone, you’re probably thinking about a joint.

Joint definition: a hand or machine rolled marijuana cigarette in a thin paper. Unlike blunts and spliffs, which contain tobacco, joints are rolled using only cannabis.

To reiterate, joints are rolled with no tobacco — which is one of the key factors setting them apart from blunts and spliffs.

Rolling papers used for joints are generally white and flavorless — although they can be purchased in a variety of sizes, colors, and flavors. Depending on which brand you choose, the papers may be made out of hemp, rice, flax, or other plant materials.

Joints normally have a filter (also known as a tip or crutch) at one end that makes them easier to roll, prevents plant material from entering your mouth, and helps to ensure you don’t burn your lips or fingertips.

Experienced rollers may be able to roll them in interesting shapes (like the cross joint popularized by the movie Pineapple Express) but they’re often a straight cylinder or cone.

It may take some time before you’re able to confidently roll so that it looks sharp and smokes well — but don’t stress. We’ve all rolled less than perfect joints. As long as they can be shared among friends, that’s all that counts in our books.

What is a Blunt?

A blunt is rolled using tobacco leaf papers or an emptied out cigar.  The tobacco inside the cigar is replaced with cannabis and rerolled. The blunt contains tobacco in the wrapper itself— so you may feel an extra buzz from the nicotine if you’re smoking a blunt.

Blunts also tend to be larger than joints due to the difference between cigar or cigarillo wrappers, and standard rolling papers. Cigar wrappers are also thicker which allows you to pack in more cannabis without ripping the paper. The thickness of the paper also means a blunt tends to burn slower than a joint.

Many people prefer to smoke blunts without a filter, like a cigar, but the final call is up to you.

Due to the combination of tobacco and cannabis, larger size, and slower burn rate of blunts, they tend to have stronger effects than joints.

Lastly, we have spliffs. Although “spliff” is often used interchangeably to describe blunts and joints, they do have a more strict definition.

What is a Spliff?

A spliff falls in between blunts and joints with a mix of tobacco and cannabis, rolled in a standard rolling paper.

Spliffs often look just like joints— meaning you may have to check with whoever rolled it to see if it contains tobacco or not. Like a blunt, spliffs will often have an accompanying head rush due to the nicotine from tobacco.

Like a joint, spliffs will often use a filter or tip at the end of one side.

The ratio of cannabis and tobacco in a spliff is decided by whoever rolls it — so the effects of a spliff may be quite a bit different from a blunt or a joint. Some people prefer to mellow out the tobacco with cannabis, while others may prefer to energize their cannabis with tobacco.

For people looking to avoid nicotine, it may be best to stick specifically to joints.

How to Smoke a Joint, Blunt, or Spliff

First of all, it’s important to make sure you’re inhaling the smoke. If you simply hold the smoke in your mouth, it’s unlikely you’ll feel the full effect of the cannabis. Make sure the smoke gets deep into your lungs to get the most out of your smoke session.

Lighting the end of the joint before smoking helps to make it burn evenly. Skipping this step may cause it to burn down one side (also called canoeing) meaning you’re really only smoking part of your joint.

Once it’s evenly lit, bring the filter end up to your mouth and inhale. There’s no rush — inhale slowly and fill your mouth. Pull it away from your lips and take another breath in to get the smoke deep into your lungs.

If you’re new to smoking joints, it’s perfectly alright to cough —  even experienced cannabis users cough from time to time. Take smaller puffs to minimize the risk of coughing.

Unlike cigarettes, the goal isn’t necessarily to get to the end of the joint right away. New users may only require one or two puffs before they’re good to go. Save the unsmoked portion for later if you can’t get through it in one sitting.

If you’re smoking with friends, there are a few unwritten rules to be aware of.

Whoever Rolled the It Gets to Smoke it First

The honor of “sparking” the joint goes to the person that rolled it. As we mentioned above, many people consider rolling an artform. Let the roller enjoy the first few puffs of their work before passing it along to the rest of the group.

Puff, Puff, Pass

If you have any knowledge about rolling joints, you may have heard the phrase “puff, puff, pass.” Basically it means to take a maximum of two puffs on the joint before passing it along to the next person. This is good etiquette to ensure everyone gets a turn and prevent people from hogging it to themselves.

Lastly, Don’t Hold Onto it For Too Long

Remember to take your two puffs and pass the joint along. Try not to hang onto it while you tell a story or relax — making the rest of the group anxiously wait for their turn. Keep it moving after you’ve taken your hits and everyone will be happy. 

Concluding Thoughts on Blunt vs Joint

While blunts, joints, and spliffs are all closely related, everyone has a preference. Now that you’re familiar with each of the three terms, you can jump into the conversation like a pro.

Which do you plan to roll first?

The White Widow Strain Review

Joining the cannabis scene more than 20 years ago, the legendary White Widow strain is still a fan-favourite among seasoned smokers for its hard-hitting effects and sticky, resin covered buds.

A winner of the High Times Cannabis Cup in 1995, the White Widow strain is a cerebral sativa that’s still serving the cannabis community with euphoric effects and intense potency. Here’s our full breakdown on what to expect with this famous and renowned strain. 

White Widow Strain – The Origin Story

white widow

Made famous in the Netherlands through its involvement in legal Dutch Coffee shops, White Widow had a huge impression on the legal cannabis community in a time where cannabis was still largely stigmatized against. Originally cultivated by Green House Seeds, White Widow continued to pick up steam and renown when it won the 8th High Times Cannabis Cup in 1995, only a year after its creation. 

With a THC level that approaches 20% and up, this potent hybrid strain has a euphoric high that’s perfect for the daytime that leaves you functional and productive. This strain has been so popular that many cultivators have taken it upon themselves to crossbreed with the White Widow strain, creating new hybrids with either “white” or “widow” in the strain name to pay homage the original. 

White Widow Genetics

white widow information

White Widow’s genetics is a result of 2 landrace strains from 2 different areas of the planet. Taking a Brazillian Sativa and a South Indian Indica, Green House Seeds was able to create this perfect hybridized strain. 

Before White Widow flowers, the plant closely resembles its more stout and bushier indica parent. Once the buds begin to mature, they begin to take on more of their sativa heritage to produce longer and more cylindrical shaped buds. 

This strain’s genetics go beyond its global origins. Cultivators prize White Widow for its endurative nature and its lively qualities that helps keep White Widow strong against its environment while also increasing its resin levels and consequently, its THC levels. 

Taking anywhere from 56-63 days to flower, White Widow can be grown both indoors and outdoors. Due to its Brazillian and South Indian heritage, this strain prefers a Mediterranean climate and can reach up to 6 feet tall. 

As its name would suggest, the buds of the White Widow strain are silver-gray in appearance. This is due to the fine dusting of silver-coloured trichomes that frost the surface of each nug. These buds are sticky and covered so densely with trichomes that you’ll be hard pressed to see the strain’s orange coloured pistils. 

Smell wise, this strain is a bit of a surprise. With a name like White Widow, it’s hard to know what to expect. Many users report aromas of musk, pepper, herb and pine while also detecting hints of pungent skunk and light notes of citrus. While the buds themselves have a mild scent, they’re unmistakably pungent once they’re combusted. If you’re smoking this outside, be aware of your surroundings and where you’re at! 

White Widow Strain Effects

white widow strain information

The onset of effects for this strain begins with a cerebral head high typical of sativa strains. Euphoria and a happy boost in mood quickly settle in that helps conversation with friends flow while also increasing creativity. Energy is also increased as well, making it an ideal strain for getting a variety of chores and tasks done throughout the day. You might find cleaning, cooking and even exercising much more enjoyable while under this strain’s energizing effects. 

For experienced smokers, the usual White Widow high will last around 1 to 2 hours. It’s ideal for a midday pick-me-up that won’t leave you too blasted to function or too sedated to move. Those looking for an evening nightcap should consider an indica variety instead of this hybridized sativa. 

Ever since its earlier days of fame in the Netherlands, this strain has been used for a variety of medical applications. Many medical patients have used this strain to treat pain, anxiety, insomnia, depression and stress. White Widow rated in the top 15 out of a possible 42 strains for medical use

The White Widow Side-Effects

As with any potent marijuana strain, there comes the usual serving of red-eyes, dry mouth and dizziness that accompany an intense smoking session. Overconsumption of White Widow can also induce feelings of anxiety and paranoia that could ruin the smoking experience for you outright if you’re not careful.

Pay attention to the dosage you take as well as the timing. Responsible usage should keep you clear from these undesirable side effects. 

Final Thoughts on The White Widow

White Widow is the ideal choice for daytime tokers looking for a little pep in their step that won’t leave them in a daze or too sedated to function. This is a potent strain so those looking to reap its benefits should be well versed in cannabis and experienced with the substance before they give White Widow a shot! 

When To Harvest Weed And Trim Cannabis Right

Just how important is timing when it comes to knowing when to harvest weed?

For those who are just getting their feet wet when it comes to cannabis horticulture – which we assume many of you are given that Canadians are allowed to grow 4 plants per household – the end goal of ailment alleviating and creatively stimulating cannabis for consumption doesn’t come without its challenges. 

The cannabis plant life cycle is conventionally accepted to make up roughly 5 stages, depending on who you ask, where the last yet crucially important stage is harvesting.

Harvesting comprises assessing whether your plants are ready to be trimmed, cured and dried for consumption, so it remains a challenging set of processes for many starting growers. In this article, we’ll breakdown the subtle nuances of when to harvest weed for ideal consumption, along with general tips for trimming. 

Ready?

when-to-harvest-weed

When To Harvest Weed For The Best Yield

Why is learning when to harvest weed at the right time so crucial? It all comes down to levels of cannabinoids and terpenes. And given that these levels fluctuate throughout all 5 stages of the marijuana life cycle, one major prerequisite to harvesting at the right time is assessing whether your plants are at peak levels. 

Put another way, when you learn when to harvest cannabis at the right time, your cannabis is more likely to have the ideal chemical composition that meets your horticulture goals, whether that be having a particular experience or addressing a specific ailment. What’s worse than purchasing cannabis with high expectations and being disappointed as a result?

When To Harvest Weed: Timing It Right

The practice of horticulture appeals to many because it’s both an art and science, and it’s no different during the harvesting stage. Scientifically, you may opt-in for tools, if you have the budget, that enables you to measure the chemical composition of your plants. 

In contrast, from a more artistic perspective, you can rely on pragmatic observation to determine the ideal time for harvesting. This more pragmatic approach doesn’t require any special materials, instead it requires you to rely on your five senses to assess your cannabis plants using four critical indicators: Firmness, trichome color, stigma color and smell. 

Let’s breakdown each in more detail. 

Nug Density

This is all about the arrangement of your cannabis plant’s leaves, stems and buds. Take a look and feel by gently squeezing the buds. If they are relatively firm to the touch, reacting with a slight resistance, then it’s likely your plants meet the “firmness” indicator for harvesting. If you’re not familiar, this condensed state for your buds is also called “inflorescence” in horticulture terminology. 

Bud Trichome Colour

Trichomes are the glands that are responsible for producing cannabinoids and terpenes in your plants. They’re sticky to the touch and have crystal-like hairs protruding from them. These glands start off being clear in color, but when harvesting time is near, they transition into amber or cloud white. Why does this take place? When trichomes are transitioning from clear to cloud white or amber, the cannabinoid THC is converting to CBN, therefore showing that ideal THC levels are occuring. 

Bud Stigma Colours

Not only does the color of trichomes transition during ideal harvesting times, but also the color of your plant’s stigma. When your plants are in their flowering stages, stigmas become white, but as your plant matures, they convert into orange, brown or red. When a majority of your plant’s stigmas are in these secondary colours, it’s an important indicator showing that the ideal time for when to harvest cannabis is near. 

when-to-harvest-weed

Bud Fragrance

Learning when to harvest cannabis right is also about using your aroma capturing senses to determine whether your plants are protruding intense smells. Cannabis’ aroma isn’t derived from cannabinoids, instead they’re derived from terpenes, and the method here to determine whether peak terpene levels exist is simple – the stronger your plant’s aroma is, the higher likelihood they’re ready for harvest. 

With these four factors in mind, who needs out-of-reach scientific tools? However, we do recommend that if all these four indicators for the ideal harvesting time are met, ensure you do these three things before proceeding to the next steps:

  • Refrain from watering your plants for 1-2 days
  • Subject your plants to complete darkness for 1-2 days
  • Remove your plant’s fan leaves (large leaves) 1- 2 days prior to harvest

Should You Trim Before or After Harvesting?

This subject deserves an entirely new guide, which we have in the works, but as an overview, there are generally two methods to trimming your cannabis leaves: wet trimming and dry trimming. 

Wet trimming refers to only removing your plant’s fan leaves before harvest, while dry trimming refers to removing both your plant’s fan and sugar leaves after harvest. Both approaches have their own advantages and weaknesses, with wet trimming playing a more constructive role in preventing mold from occurring that ultimately results in a speedier drying process. As for dry trimming, its slower drying result can have better terpene retention for your plants, while being a lot more simple and straightforward. 

Irrespective of the approach you choose, trimming is possibly the most arduous and labor intensive component to growing, so make sure you take breaks and have adequate equipment. 

When To Harvest Cannabis In Hindsight

Harvesting cannabis, with its separate processes of assessing, trimming, curing, and drying, maybe the most challenging stage to marijuana horticulture. However, it’s not without reward, as learning when to harvest cannabis at the ideal time plays an integral role to achieving the ideal cannabinoid and terpene levels for your plants, and thus, for those who consume it. 

Using these four factors as a measurement baseline can prove as a helpful aid in achieving the high-grade cannabis buds you desire, but in no way are they fixed. Depending on your seeds and the plant’s strain, you may want to apply more emphasis to one indicator over the other. Also, for the best results, make sure you record your assessments daily to stay on track.

For more growing cannabis tips, and everything else related, stay tuned!